Creating a Professional CV in Indonesian: A Comprehensive Guide

Understanding the nuances of the Indonesian job market can be the key to crafting a successful CV. How does one adapt to the cultural subtleties, hierarchical respect, and relationship-oriented business practices prevalent in Indonesia? This article will guide you through the distinctive elements of Indonesian CV writing, helping you to make a compelling impression and enhance your chances of landing that dream job.
Last update:
01/01/2024

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Sample Resume in Indonesian Language

Informasi Pribadi

Nama: Budi Santoso
Alamat: Jl. Jendral Sudirman No.45, Jakarta Pusat
Telepon: +62 812 345 678
Email: budi.santoso@gmail.com

Pendidikan

  • Sarjana Sains Komputer, Institut Teknologi Bandung, 2010 - 2014
  • SMA Negeri 1 Jakarta, 2007 - 2010

Pengalaman Kerja

Programmer Senior, PT. XYZ, Jakarta, 2017 - Sekarang

  • Membuat dan memelihara aplikasi perusahaan
  • Menganalisa dan memecahkan masalah teknis
  • Melakukan pengujian dan perbaikan kode
  • Melakukan pelatihan kepada staff junior

Programmer Junior, PT. ABC, Jakarta, 2014 - 2017

  • Membantu dalam pengembangan aplikasi
  • Melakukan pemeliharaan dan perbaikan sistem
  • Menyusun dokumentasi teknis

Kemampuan

  • Kemampuan pemrograman: Java, Python, C++, SQL
  • Pengalaman dengan sistem operasi: Windows, Linux, MacOS
  • Kemampuan bahasa: Bahasa Indonesia (asli), Bahasa Inggris (lancar)
  • Kemampuan komunikasi yang baik
  • Mampu bekerja dalam tim maupun secara individu
  • Analitis dan mampu memecahkan masalah

Referensi

Tersedia atas permintaan

Saya, yang bertanda tangan di bawah ini, dengan ini menyatakan bahwa semua informasi dalam CV ini adalah benar dan dapat dipertanggungjawabkan.

Jakarta, 20 Januari 2022

Budi Santoso

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In the forthcoming sections of this article, we will be delving into a comprehensive guide on how to craft an impeccable CV in Bahasa Indonesia, specifically tailored for the Indonesian job market. A CV, or Curriculum Vitae, is a crucial document that presents an overview of your professional and academic history. When applying for a job in Indonesia, it is essential to submit a CV written in Bahasa Indonesia, as it not only demonstrates your respect and understanding of the local culture and language, but also enhances your appeal to potential employers by showcasing your ability to communicate effectively within the Indonesian business environment.

Indonesian Language


Mastering Key Phrases for Writing a Resume in Indonesian


In this section, you'll find a list of useful terms related to writing a resume, translated into Indonesian. This will help you better understand the process and requirements of creating an effective resume in the Indonesian context. Here are some of the key terms:

  • Resume structure: Struktur resume
  • Resume formatting: Format resume
  • Education: Pendidikan
  • Skills: Keterampilan
  • Internship: Magang
  • Work experience: Pengalaman kerja
  • Contact information: Informasi kontak
  • Job objective: Tujuan pekerjaan
  • References: Referensi
  • Certification: Sertifikasi
  • Personal details: Detail pribadi
  • Professional summary: Ringkasan profesional
  • Achievements: Prestasi
  • Languages: Bahasa
  • Hobbies: Hobi
This should provide a basic understanding of the important components of a resume in the Indonesian language.

Understanding the Grammar Essentials for Writing a Resume in Indonesian


In writing a resume in Indonesian, it is crucial to use a formal and polite form of language, known as "Bahasa Baku". Indonesian grammar is relatively simple as it doesn't have any tense, conjugations or genders. Therefore, you don't need to worry about changing verb forms to indicate tense. However, time words like "sekarang" (now), "sebelumnya" (previously), or "selanjutnya" (next) are often used to indicate when an action is or was taking place.

The resume should predominantly be written in third person, as it is considered more professional and formal. For example, instead of writing "Saya berhasil menyelesaikan proyek dalam waktu tiga bulan" (I successfully completed the project in three months), you should write "Bapak/Ibu berhasil menyelesaikan proyek dalam waktu tiga bulan" (He/She successfully completed the project in three months). Also, the active voice is more commonly used in resumes. For instance, you should write "Mengembangkan strategi pemasaran baru yang meningkatkan penjualan sebesar 20%" (Developed a new marketing strategy that increased sales by 20%), instead of using the passive voice.

Understanding the Significance of Structure and Formatting in Indonesian Resumes


Memiliki CV yang terstruktur dengan baik adalah langkah penting dalam meraih tujuan karir dan menghadapi tantangan di pasar kerja Indonesia. Tata letak CV yang rapi dan profesional bisa membantu menciptakan kesan pertama yang positif dan meningkatkan peluang Anda untuk mendapatkan wawancara. Selain itu, struktur yang jelas dan logis dapat membantu perekrut untuk dengan mudah menemukan informasi penting tentang Anda. Dengan demikian, pentingnya tata letak dan struktur CV yang baik tidak bisa diabaikan. Ingatlah bahwa CV Anda adalah representasi diri Anda di mata perekrut, jadi pastikan untuk membuatnya sebaik mungkin.

Besides the Indonesian Resume Template, we also have other similar templates you might want to explore.

Harness the Power of Proper Formatting: Crafting an Outstanding Resume in Indonesian

  • Fonts: It is advisable to use professional, universally readable fonts such as Times New Roman, Arial, or Calibri in a CV for the Indonesian market. These fonts are widely accepted and easy to read, which makes your CV look professional and polished.
  • Format: The format should be clean and organized, with clear headings and sections. This includes your personal information, educational background, work experience, skills, and references. In Indonesia, it's common to start with personal details followed by education and then work experience.
  • Margins: Keep the margins between 1 to 1.5 inches. This provides a balance between the text and white space, making the CV easier to read and aesthetically pleasing.
  • Bullet Points: Utilize bullet points to list down your skills, achievements, or duties in each job. This helps to highlight important points and make the CV more readable.
  • Separators: Use separators like lines or different background colors to distinguish between different sections of the CV. This helps to organize the information and makes it easier for the reader to find specific details.
  • Colors: Stick to neutral or soft colors like black, navy blue, or gray. In the Indonesian job market, these colors are considered professional and serious. Bright colors might be perceived as unprofessional or distracting.
  • Template: Choose a simple, professional template that allows you to present your information in a clear and organized manner. Avoid overly decorative or complicated designs, as they can be distracting and may not be well-received in the Indonesian job market.

Mastering Resume Structure for Job Success in Indonesia

Indonesian Language


A CV, or Curriculum Vitae, is a vital document that helps employers understand the qualifications, skills, and experiences of a job applicant. It should be structured in a clear and professional manner, and should cater to the specific needs of the Indonesian job market.

  • Personal Details: This section includes basic information such as full name, address, contact number, and email address. It's essential to ensure that the contact details are correct and professional.
  • Objective: The CV should start with a clear and concise objective that matches the job description. For instance, if you're applying for a marketing position, your objective might be "To utilize my skills and experience in a challenging marketing position".
  • Education: This section should list your educational qualifications in reverse chronological order, starting from the most recent. It should include the name of the institution, degree obtained, and the year of completion.
  • Work Experience: This is where you list your previous jobs, internships, or any relevant experiences. For Indonesian companies, it is crucial to highlight roles that required Bahasa Indonesia proficiency or understanding of local business practices.
  • Skills: This section should include both hard and soft skills, such as proficiency in Bahasa Indonesia, team management or digital marketing.
  • Certifications and Achievements: If you have any certifications or achievements that make you stand out, list them in this section. For example, if you have a certification in digital marketing from a recognized institution, it can boost your chances in the Indonesian job market.
  • References: Although not always mandatory, it's good to include references from previous employers or professors. Make sure to ask permission from the person you're listing as a reference.
One piece of advice is to always tailor your CV according to the job description. Highlight the skills and experiences that are most relevant to the job you're applying for. This will increase your chances of getting noticed by employers.

Mastering the Art of Crafting a Powerful Resume Header in Indonesian

Indonesian Language


The header of an Indonesian language resume is crucial as it establishes initial contact by providing comprehensive details about the candidate. To construct an effective header, one should begin with the last name followed by the first name. Next, the profession and discipline need to be mentioned, clearly identifying the field of expertise. The mailing address should be clearly written, providing the location details of the candidate. After this, the contact phone number should be provided, ensuring a direct line of communication. Lastly, a professional email address should be included, offering an additional and commonly used method of contact.

Sukarno, Bambang

Arsitek dan Desain Interior

Jalan Merdeka No. 123, Jakarta Selatan, DKI Jakarta, 12520

+62 812 3456 7890

bambang.sukarno@email.com


Mastering the Art of Resume Writing in Indonesian: The Power of a Photo

In the Indonesian job market, including a photo in the resume is not a strict requirement but it is generally encouraged. Including a professional-looking photograph can help employers connect names with faces, which can be beneficial during the interview process.

However, it's important to remember that the photo should be a recent, high-quality, professional headshot. Casual or inappropriate photos can negatively impact the impression the employer gets. The photo should be passport-sized, in color, and usually placed at the top right corner of the resume.

Despite all these, it is essential to bear in mind that skills, qualifications, and experiences are more important than appearances. If one chooses not to include a photo, it would not affect the application negatively as hiring decisions in Indonesia are based on merit rather than appearance. Furthermore, not including a photo can help avoid any potential unconscious bias on the part of the employer.

In summary, while a photo can add a personal touch to the resume, it is not a mandatory requirement in the Indonesian job market. Each job applicant can decide whether or not to include a photo based on their comfort level and the nature of the job they're applying for.

Highlighting Your Experience for the Indonesian Job Market in Your Resume


Crafting the Experience Section for Resumes in the Indonesian Job Market

In an Indonesian CV, the experience section carries significant weight as it provides a comprehensive overview of the candidate's professional journey. It depicts the magnitude of an applicant's expertise and their suitability for a specific job role. This section is closely scrutinized by employers as it tells them whether the candidate possesses the necessary skills and experiences that align with the job description.

  • Chronological Order: The candidate's professional experiences should be listed in reverse chronological order, starting with the most recent job. This allows the prospective employer to quickly understand the candidate's current role and level of responsibility before diving into their professional past.
  • Contract Dates: Clearly mention the start and end dates for each job to provide a clear timeline of employment. It gives the employer an understanding of the candidate's job stability and their tenure in each role.
  • Job Title: Ensure to list the exact job titles held in previous roles. This provides a clear depiction of the candidate's career progression and the roles they have been entrusted with in the past.
  • Bulleted list: Use a bulleted list to outline the key responsibilities and achievements in each role. This format makes it easier for the employer to scan through the CV and understand the candidate's past roles and accomplishments.
  • Job Description: Provide a concise yet comprehensive job description for each role. Include specifics about tasks performed, projects handled, and key contributions to demonstrate the candidate's capability and skills.
  • Use of Key Words: Incorporate industry-specific keywords and jargon that are relevant to the job role. This not only showcases the candidate's familiarity with the industry but also increases the chances of the CV being shortlisted in applicant tracking systems.

Posisi: Manajer Proyek

Perusahaan: PT. Maju Makmur, Jakarta

Tanggal: Januari 2015 - Desember 2020


Deskripsi:

  • Merencanakan, menjalankan, dan memastikan proyek selesai tepat waktu.
  • Mengawasi tim proyek sebanyak 15 orang.
  • Menjaga komunikasi dengan klien dan stakeholder.
  • Mengontrol anggaran dan sumber daya proyek.
  • Menyelesaikan masalah dan tantangan selama proyek berlangsung.

Indonesian Language

Managing Lack of Experience While Crafting a Resume in Indonesian

Navigating the process of creating a CV can seem daunting, especially for those who have no prior work experience. This is equally true for individuals in Indonesia. Here are some straightforward and easy-to-use tips for Indonesians who are preparing their CVs for the first time.

  • Start by including your personal information: This should include your full name, address, phone number, and email address.
  • Include a professional summary: Write a brief summary about yourself, your skills, and your aspirations. This should be tailored to the job you're applying for and should demonstrate your suitability for the role, even if you don't have direct experience.
  • Highlight your education: Detailed information about your education history is crucial, especially if you don't have work experience. Include the names of the institutions, degrees or qualifications obtained, and the dates of study.
  • Add any internships or volunteer work: Include any internship or volunteer experience you have had. These can be valuable experiences that can demonstrate your skills and capabilities.
  • Showcase relevant skills: List skills that are relevant to the job you're applying for. These can be both hard and soft skills. If possible, provide examples of when and how you have used these skills.
  • Include extracurricular activities: If you have been involved in any clubs, sports, or societies, include these in your CV. This can show potential employers that you are a well-rounded individual with a range of interests and skills.
  • Highlight any achievements: Even without formal work experience, you might have achievements from school, university, or other areas of your life that are worth including on your CV.
  • Include references: If possible, include references from teachers, coaches, or anyone else who can vouch for your skills and character.
  • Keep it concise and well-structured: Your CV should be no longer than two pages. Make sure it is clearly structured, with each section clearly marked.
  • Proofread: Make sure to proofread your CV thoroughly to avoid any typos or errors. Also, make sure that the CV is written in good, formal Indonesian.
  • Tailor it to the job: Customize your CV for each job you apply for by highlighting the most relevant skills and experiences for that specific role.
  • Use a professional format: Your CV should look professional, so use a clean and simple font and format. Avoid using too many colors or overly complicated designs.

The Significance of Education in Crafting an Indonesian Resume


The education section in an Indonesian CV is crucial because it provides a comprehensive overview of a candidate's academic qualifications. It highlights the level of formal education a candidate has attained, the institutions they attended, the period of study, and any academic honors or awards received. This information is vital for employers as it helps them gauge a candidate's knowledge base, skills, and potential for growth. The education section also gives insight into the candidate's background, showcasing their dedication, commitment, and ability to complete long-term goals.

Moreover, in certain industries and for specific roles, having a particular educational background can be a prerequisite. Therefore, the education section is a fundamental part of an Indonesian CV that can strongly influence an employer's decision. It can demonstrate the candidate's suitability for a position, competitiveness, and capacity to bring a unique perspective to the workplace. It is a reflection of a candidate's intellectual capacity, discipline, and readiness to tackle professional challenges.

Prioritizing Educational Information in Your Indonesian Resume

In the Indonesian job market, it is considered standard practice to place your education section at the beginning of your CV, especially for fresh graduates or those with limited work experience. The main reason is that for these individuals, their educational qualifications often serve as the most significant selling point to potential employers. For example, a fresh graduate from Universitas Indonesia with a degree in Computer Science would want to highlight this early in their CV when applying for a relevant position.

However, for those with substantial work experience or those applying for senior roles, the focus often shifts to professional experience. In these cases, it might be more beneficial to place their work experience before their education. For instance, an individual with over 10 years of experience in the banking industry applying for a senior management role would want to highlight their professional achievements and experience first. In such scenarios, the education section can be moved further down the CV, as recruiters would be more interested in their professional track record.

Pendidikan:

Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta — Sarjana Ekonomi

September 2015 - Agustus 2019


SMAN 1 Bandung, Bandung — SMA

Juli 2012 - Mei 2015


SMPN 2 Bandung, Bandung — SMP

Juli 2009 - Juni 2012


SDN 1 Bandung, Bandung — SD

Juli 2003 - Juni 2009


Pelatihan dan Sertifikasi:

  • Sertifikasi Analisis Keuangan, Lembaga Sertifikasi Profesi Keuangan, November 2019
  • Pelatihan Manajemen Proyek, PPM Manajemen, Oktober 2018

Kualifikasi Tambahan:

  • Mampu menggunakan Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint)
  • Kemampuan komunikasi yang baik
  • Memiliki kemampuan analisis yang baik
  • Mampu bekerja dalam tim maupun secara individu.

Highlighting the Importance of Skills in an Indonesian Resume


Indonesian Language


In the Indonesian job market, the importance of skills in a resume cannot be overemphasized. Skills, both technical and non-technical, are a crucial determinant of a candidate’s suitability for a job role. Employers in Indonesia are keen on finding candidates who have proven their abilities in certain areas relevant to the job position. These skills serve as an indication of the candidate's ability to handle tasks and responsibilities associated with the role. They are a reflection of the candidate’s competence and expertise, and they differentiate one candidate from another.

Recruiters in Indonesia are constantly in search of candidates who possess not only the required technical skills but also a range of soft skills. Technical skills, such as proficiency in a certain software or technology, are industry-specific and job-specific, and they are usually obtained through formal education or training. On the other hand, soft skills like communication, problem-solving, leadership, and teamwork are transferable across different industries and job roles. These skills demonstrate a candidate's ability to effectively interact with others, solve problems, and lead teams. Therefore, a well-rounded resume that showcases a balance of both technical and soft skills is often highly sought after in the Indonesian job market.

Berikut ini adalah daftar contoh keterampilan lunak (soft skills) dan keterampilan keras (hard skills) yang dapat berguna saat menulis resume dalam bahasa Indonesia.

Soft Skills (Keterampilan Lunak):

  • Communication skills (Keterampilan komunikasi)
  • Teamwork (Kerja sama tim)
  • Problem-solving (Penyelesaian masalah)
  • Time management (Manajemen waktu)
  • Leadership (Kepemimpinan)
  • Adaptability (Kemampuan beradaptasi)
  • Work ethic (Etika kerja)
  • Creativity (Kreativitas)
  • Decision making (Pengambilan keputusan)
  • Conflict resolution (Penyelesaian konflik)

Hard Skills (Keterampilan Keras):

  • Computer programming (Pemrograman komputer)
  • Data analysis (Analisis data)
  • Graphic design (Desain grafis)
  • Foreign languages (Bahasa asing)
  • Project management (Manajemen proyek)
  • Digital marketing (Pemasaran digital)
  • Mathematical competence (Kompetensi matematika)
  • Sales experience (Pengalaman penjualan)
  • SEO/SEM marketing (Pemasaran SEO/SEM)
  • Social media management (Manajemen media sosial)

Additional Sections to Include in Your Indonesian Resume


Including additional headings in an Indonesian CV not only provides an in-depth detail of a candidate's profile but also highlights extra skills and experiences that could be beneficial for the job. These categories can make your CV stand out from the rest and can be decisive in getting shortlisted for the job. The categories like Languages, Hobbies or interests, Certificates, Driving licenses, References, and IT tools are some of the extra sections you may consider to add to your CV.

The 'Languages' category can be a significant addition to your CV, especially if the job you're applying for requires proficiency in different languages. This section can demonstrate your linguistic ability and cultural awareness, which are valuable assets in today's globalized world. For instance, if you are fluent in English or Mandarin besides Indonesian, it could increase your employability in multinational companies or industries such as tourism, international business, or diplomacy.

The 'IT Tools' category is another crucial section that you can add to your CV. In an era where almost every job requires some level of digital literacy, stating your familiarity with different IT tools can make you a more attractive candidate. This can include anything from proficiency in Microsoft Office suite to more technical skills like programming, web design, or digital marketing tools. Highlighting your IT skills not only shows you are up-to-date with current technology but also demonstrates your ability to adapt to digital transformation in the workplace.

Enhancing Your Indonesian Resume: Key Points for Improvement


Improving your Indonesian CV requires an understanding of the country's job market and cultural nuances. Here are some practical tips that can help make your CV more appealing to Indonesian employers:

  1. Use Bahasa Indonesia: Unless the job description specifically asks for an English CV, use Bahasa Indonesia. This demonstrates your language proficiency and cultural understanding.
  2. Highlight Relevant Skills: Indonesian employers prefer CVs that are concise and straight to the point. Highlight your skills that are directly relevant to the job you're applying for.
  3. Include a Photograph: It is common practice in Indonesia to include a professional photograph on your CV. Make sure the photo is recent and presents you in a professional light.
  4. Provide Personal Information: Indonesian CVs often include personal details such as nationality, marital status, and religion. However, only include these details if you feel comfortable doing so.
  5. Reference Your Educational Background: Education is highly valued in Indonesia. Make sure to include information about your formal education, including the institution, major, and year of graduation.
  6. Use Job Titles: If you have previous work experience, use job titles rather than descriptions of duties. This will make it easier for employers to understand your experience.
  7. Include References: If possible, provide references from previous employers or educators. This can help to build trust with potential employers.
  8. Proofread: Lastly, ensure your CV is free of grammatical errors and typos. This speaks to your attention to detail and professionalism.

Key Elements to Include in an Indonesian Resume


Indonesian Language


As we conclude, remember that crafting a winning Indonesian CV requires careful planning and attention to detail. The document should not only highlight your skills and qualifications, but also reflect your personality and cultural understanding. Below are some key points to keep in mind:

  1. Language Proficiency: Ensure your CV is written in Bahasa Indonesia if you're applying for a position in Indonesia. If the job advertisement is in English, you may also provide an English version of your CV.
  2. Personal Details: Include your full name, address, contact number, and email address. In Indonesia, it's also common to include your marital status and religion.
  3. Format: Stick to a reverse-chronological format where your most recent work experience or education is listed first. This is the most commonly used format in Indonesia.
  4. Education Details: List your educational background starting from the highest level of education. Include the name of the institution, course studied, and the year of graduation.
  5. Work Experience: Highlight your previous jobs, internships, or volunteer work. Include the company name, your role, and the period of employment. Focus on your responsibilities and achievements in each role.
  6. Skills: Mention specific skills relevant to the job you're applying for. These can include technical skills, language skills, or soft skills like leadership or teamwork.
  7. References: Unlike some western cultures, in Indonesia it's common to include references in your CV. Provide the names, positions, and contact details of two references, preferably from your last job.
  8. Photo: Incorporating a professional photo in your CV is common in Indonesia. Make sure to use a recent, high-quality photo where you're dressed in professional attire.
Remember, your CV is the first impression a potential employer gets of you. Make it count!

Crafting an Effective Cover Letter for Your Indonesian Resume


Enclosing a cover letter with your resume when applying for a job in Indonesia is of paramount importance. Firstly, a cover letter provides an opportunity to introduce yourself and express your interest in the position, adding a personal touch to your application. It allows you to elaborate on key skills and experiences in your resume, giving employers a more in-depth understanding of your qualifications. A well-written cover letter can make your application stand out, demonstrating your commitment and interest in the job, which can significantly increase your chances of securing an interview. Lastly, in Indonesian business culture, showing respect and courtesy is valued, and a cover letter can convey these qualities effectively.

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Frequently Asked Questions about Crafting a Resume and Job Application in Indonesian

What is the Indonesian equivalent of a CV?

In Indonesia, a CV is referred to as "Daftar Riwayat Hidup". It serves the same purpose of outlining an individual's professional experience and skills.

Is it necessary to write my CV in Bahasa Indonesia when applying for jobs in Indonesia?

Yes, it is generally advisable to write your CV in Bahasa Indonesia when applying for jobs in Indonesia unless the job advertisement specifies English.

What is the standard format for an Indonesian CV?

An Indonesian CV typically includes personal details, education history, work experience, skills, and references. It's usually concise and not more than two pages.

Should I include a photo in my Indonesian CV?

While not mandatory, it's common in Indonesia to include a professional passport-sized photo in your CV. It helps employers put a face to a name.

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