Creating Your CV in Dutch: A Comprehensive Guide

How does one tailor a CV that will stand out to Dutch employers? This question is paramount for those seeking to penetrate the unique Dutch job market, known for its preference for succinct, straightforward and functional CVs. This article will delve into crafting a CV that appeals to this market, exploring questions such as, how should you structure your CV? What information should be included and how should it be presented?
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Presentation of a Sample Resume in Dutch

Persoonlijke Informatie:

Naam: Jan de Vries
Adres: Kerkstraat 12, 1018 Amsterdam
Telefoonnummer: 020-1234567
Geboortedatum: 15 februari 1985


Ervaren projectmanager met meer dan 10 jaar ervaring in de technologische sector. Bewezen vermogen om projecten op tijd en binnen het budget te leveren, met sterke organisatorische en communicatieve vaardigheden. Ik ben op zoek naar een uitdagende rol waarbij ik mijn vaardigheden en ervaring kan gebruiken om de efficiëntie en productiviteit van het bedrijf te verbeteren.


ABC Technologie, Amsterdam
Januari 2015 - heden

  • Leiding geven aan een team van 20 ingenieurs en analisten.
  • Beheer van projecten van concept tot oplevering.
  • Coördinatie van projectplanning en resource management.
  • Onderhandelen met leveranciers en onderaannemers.
  • Het bereiken van een gemiddelde projectvoltooiingsgraad van 95%.

Project Coördinator
XYZ Software, Utrecht
Februari 2010 - December 2014

  • Coördinatie van software ontwikkelingsprojecten.
  • Ontwikkelen en onderhouden van projectplannen.
  • Werken met cross-functionele teams om projectdoelen te bereiken.
  • Het leveren van projecten 10% sneller dan de industrienorm.


Master of Science in Projectmanagement
Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam
2008 - 2010

Bachelor of Science in Computer Science
Technische Universiteit Delft, Delft
2004 - 2008


  • Uitstekende organisatorische en leiderschapsvaardigheden
  • Sterke communicatie en onderhandelingsvaardigheden
  • Kennis van projectmanagement software zoals MS Project en JIRA
  • Vloeiend in Nederlands en Engels


Op aanvraag beschikbaar.

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In the following sections of this article, we will delve into the art of crafting a compelling CV specifically tailored for the Dutch job market. If you are interested in working in the Netherlands, it is essential to understand that employers here expect applications to be written in Dutch, unless otherwise stated. Crafting your CV in Dutch not only ensures that you adhere to the expectations of Dutch employers but also demonstrates your willingness and ability to integrate into the local culture, which can give you an edge over other candidates. We will provide you with detailed instructions, tips, and insights on how to write an effective Dutch CV to enhance your chances of securing your desired job in the Netherlands.

dutch language

Harnessing Key Dutch Phrases for an Effective Resume

In this section, you will find a compilation of useful terms associated with writing a resume, translated into Dutch. This can be particularly helpful if you're working on a resume for a job opportunity in the Netherlands or any Dutch-speaking region. Understanding these terms will enable you to create a more accurate and professional resume in Dutch.

  • Resume Structure - CV Structuur
  • Resume Formatting - CV Opmaak
  • Education - Opleiding
  • Skills - Vaardigheden
  • Internship - Stage
  • Work Experience - Werkervaring
  • Job Objectives - Werkdoelstellingen
  • References - Referenties
  • Certifications - Certificaten
  • Personal Information - Persoonlijke Informatie
  • Career Summary - Carrière Samenvatting
  • Languages - Talen
  • Professional Affiliations - Professionele Lidmaatschappen
  • Achievements - Prestaties
  • Hobbies and Interests - Hobby's en Interesses
  • Contact Information - Contactinformatie.

Utilizing Proper Dutch Grammar for an Effective Resume

When writing a resume in Dutch, the language, grammar, and conjugations must be accurate and professional. An important aspect to remember about Dutch grammar is that it generally follows a Subject-Object-Verb order. Therefore, you need to ensure that your verbs are placed correctly in the sentence structure. For example, "I have worked at a bank" would be translated as "Ik heb bij een bank gewerkt".

In a Dutch resume, the past tense is generally used to describe past work experiences, just as in English. The past participle is common for this, such as 'gewerkt' (worked), 'geleid' (led), 'ontwikkeld' (developed). The resume should be written in the first person (ik – I), but it is not customary to use personal pronouns frequently. For instance, instead of saying "Ik heb bij een bank gewerkt" (I have worked at a bank), you would just say "Heb bij een bank gewerkt" (Have worked at a bank). This avoids sounding repetitive and keeps the focus on your skills and experiences. Remember that the Dutch language has gendered nouns, so be sure to use the correct articles (de, het) with your nouns.

Understanding the Crucial Role of Structure and Formatting in Dutch Resumes

A well-structured CV can be instrumental in achieving one's career goals in the Dutch market. It can help overcome challenges in the competitive job market, setting one apart from other candidates. The layout of the CV plays a crucial role in this, as it can create a strong first impression on potential employers. An organized, well-structured CV can effectively showcase one's qualifications, experiences and skills in a clear and concise manner. Thus, focusing on creating a professional and visually appealing layout is a worthwhile endeavor for any ambitious job seeker in the Netherlands.

Apart from the Dutch Resume Template, we also have other similar templates that you might want to explore.

Mastering the Art of Formatting: Crafting Your Resume in Dutch

  • The template for a CV in Dutch should be clean and professional, preferably using a modern layout. The Dutch market values efficiency and clarity, so unnecessary graphics or images should be avoided.
  • For the font, it is advisable to use Sans Serif fonts like Arial or Calibri as they are easy to read. The font size should be between 10-12 for the main body of text and 14-16 for headings.
  • The format should be clear and concise, with each section clearly separated. In the Dutch market, recruiters prefer a chronological format that starts with the most recent job and goes back in time.
  • Margins should be set to 1 inch on all sides to ensure the text is not cramped and provides a neat appearance.
  • Bullet points should be used to list job responsibilities and achievements. This improves readability and allows recruiters to quickly scan through the CV.
  • For separators, use lines or whitespace to clearly distinguish between different sections of the CV. Avoid using fancy or decorative separators as they can distract from the content.
  • In terms of colors, stick to neutral shades like black, grey, and white. Bright colors might not be well-received in the traditionally conservative Dutch job market.

Mastering the Art of Structuring Your Resume the Dutch Way

dutch language

When crafting a CV for the Dutch job market, it's important to remember that the Dutch value simplicity, clarity, and directness in their professional documents. Thus, your CV should be straight to the point, detailing relevant information about your skills, experience, and qualifications. Here are the main parts that should be included in your Dutch CV:

  • Personal Information: This should include your full name, address, contact details, and date of birth. In the Netherlands, it's also common to include a professional photo in this section.
  • Personal Profile: This is a brief summary of who you are professionally. It should clearly state your career goals, professional interests, and why you would be a good fit for the job.
  • Work Experience: List your employment history in reverse chronological order, including the position, company name, location, and dates of employment. Focus on positions that are relevant to the job you're applying for.
  • Education: Include details of your academic background, again in reverse chronological order. Be sure to include the name of the institution, degree earned, and dates of attendance. If you studied in a different country, it might be helpful to explain the equivalent Dutch qualification.
  • Skills: Highlight your skills that are relevant to the job you're applying for. In the Dutch job market, soft skills such as teamwork, communication, and problem-solving are highly valued, so be sure to include these if applicable.
  • Languages: If you speak more than one language, be sure to include this information. In a multilingual country like the Netherlands, language skills can be a significant advantage.
  • References: While not always required, it's good practice to include at least two professional references.
Remember, while it's important to include all the necessary information, try to keep your CV concise and to the point. The Dutch prefer CVs that are no longer than two pages.

Mastering the Art of Writing Effective Headers for Your Dutch Resume

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The header of a Dutch language resume serves as a pivotal point, hosting all essential contact information and clearly highlighting the candidate's name and profession. To craft an exemplary header, start by listing your last name followed by your first name. This should be followed by your profession and the discipline or industry in which you work. Next, include your mailing address, ensuring it is current and accurately written. Following the address, provide your phone number, using the country code if applying internationally. Finally, list your email address, making sure it's a professional one that you check regularly. This comprehensive header will enable potential employers to quickly identify who you are, what you do, and how to contact you.

Achternaam, Voornaam

Beroep en Discipline




Perfecting Your Dutch Resume: The Impact of a Photo

Including a photo in a Dutch Resume is not a necessity, but it's commonly practiced and can make your application more personal. While it's not a legal requirement, some employers may appreciate the chance to put a face to your name. If you decide to include a photo, ensure it's a professional headshot. Avoid casual or inappropriate pictures as they may create a negative impression.

The photo should be in color, with a plain background, and you should be well-dressed. A good size for the photo is around 2x2 inches, similar to a passport photo. It should be positioned at the top-right or top-left corner of the resume. Remember, the photo should enhance your application, not distract from your qualifications and skills.

However, if you feel uncomfortable including a photo, it's perfectly acceptable to omit it. In the Netherlands, discrimination based on appearance is illegal, and hiring decisions should be based on your skills and experiences, not your looks. Privacy is also highly valued in Dutch culture, and not including a photo will be respected.

Emphasizing Experience: A Key Aspect in Crafting a Resume for the Dutch Job Market

Crafting the Experience Section for Your Dutch Resume

The experience section of a Dutch CV is of paramount importance as it provides potential employers with a comprehensive overview of the candidate's professional history and achievements. It's the section that gives employers insight into the applicant's capabilities, expertise, and suitability for the job at hand.

  • Always present your work experience in a chronological order. Start with the most recent job and work backwards. This allows potential employers to quickly see your most recent and thus, likely most relevant, experience.
  • Make sure to include the contract dates of each job. This will give employers a clear picture of your job duration and stability. It's vital to specify the month and year of the start and end dates for each role.
  • Clearly state your job title for each position you've held. This gives employers an instant understanding of your level of responsibility, type of experience, and where in the hierarchy you were positioned.
  • Use a bulleted list to detail your tasks, responsibilities, and achievements for each job. This format is easy to read and enables employers to quickly identify key information.
  • The job description should be concise but comprehensive. It should accurately reflect the nature of the work you performed, the skills you used or developed, and the scope of your role.
  • Finally, be sure to incorporate key words from the job posting into your CV. These are often the specific skills or experiences the employer is looking for. Using these key words can increase the chances of your CV being picked up by applicant tracking systems and getting noticed by the employer.

Functie: Marketing Manager

Werkgever: Heineken N.V., Amsterdam

Data: Januari 2015 - December 2019


  • Beheerde alle marketingcampagnes voor het merk Heineken.
  • Gecoördineerd met internationale teams om merkconsistentie te behouden.
  • Geïmplementeerd nieuwe digitale marketingstrategieën, wat resulteerde in een toename van online verkoop met 20%.
  • Begeleidde en ontwikkelde een team van 10 junior marketeers.
  • Georganiseerd en gemanaged verschillende evenementen en productlanceringen.

dutch language

Tackling the 'No Experience' Challenge in a Dutch Resume

Creating an impressive CV in Dutch without any previous experience might seem daunting, but it doesn't have to be. The following guidelines are designed to make the process simple and effective. These tips will help you structure your CV and highlight your skills, even if you're a newcomer to the job market.

  • Personal Details: Start with your personal details including full name, address, contact number, and email address. In Dutch, this section is typically called "Persoonlijke gegevens".
  • Objective: Write a strong and clear objective or "Doel" which highlights your career goals and the value you could bring to the potential employer.
  • Education: Include details about your education or "Opleiding". Start with your most recent educational qualification and work backwards. Include the name of the institutions and the dates you were there, followed by the qualifications and grades you obtained.
  • Skills: Highlight any skills or "Vaardigheden" you have. This can include both hard and soft skills. Hard skills are measurable abilities such as knowledge of a foreign language, computer programming, etc. Soft skills are less tangible like problem-solving, communication, etc.
  • Volunteering: Include any volunteering or "Vrijwilligerswerk" experience you have. This can be extremely valuable for those with no work experience. It shows that you have initiative and that you're willing to work.
  • Hobbies and Interests: You can include a section on hobbies and interests or "Hobby's en interesses". This can give the employer a better idea of what you're like as a person.
  • References: You can include references or "Referenties" in your CV. This can be from teachers or from people you've volunteered with.
  • Language: Include your language proficiency or "Taalvaardigheid". This should include your native language and any other languages you speak, along with your proficiency level.
  • Cultural Exchanges: If you have been part of any cultural exchange programs, include this information. This shows your ability to adapt to different environments and can be valuable to potential employers.
  • Tailor Your CV: Tailor your CV to the job you are applying for. Make sure the skills and experiences you mention align with the job description.
  • Proofread: Always proofread your CV before sending it. Check for any spelling or grammar mistakes.
  • Keep it Concise: A CV should be concise, ideally not more than two pages.
  • Professional Format: Use a professional format for your CV. Keep it neat and organized. Use bullet points and short sentences rather than long paragraphs.

Harnessing the Importance of Education on your Dutch Resume

The education section in a Dutch CV is crucial as it provides a comprehensive overview of an applicant's academic achievements, qualifications and specializations. It offers potential employers insight into the candidate's level of knowledge and skills relevant to the job role. This section can significantly influence an employer's decision, especially if the job requires specific educational qualifications. In the Netherlands, where the job market is highly competitive, the education section can serve as a distinguishing factor, enabling employers to gauge the candidate's potential and suitability for the job. Therefore, it's important to accurately detail all relevant educational history, including degrees, diplomas, certifications, and any other relevant courses or trainings.

Prioritizing Education Sections in Your Dutch Resume

In the Netherlands, there is no hard and fast rule that education should always appear first on a CV. The order of items on a Dutch CV is usually dependent on the individual's career stage and the type of job they are applying for. For instance, if a candidate is a fresh graduate or an early-career professional, it would be more beneficial to place the education section at the beginning of the CV. This is because their academic qualifications are likely to be their strongest assets at this point.

Conversely, for mid-career or senior professionals, work experience is usually placed first. This is because their professional accomplishments and practical experiences are more relevant and impressive to potential employers. For example, an executive-level professional with 20 years of experience in the IT sector would likely list their work history before their educational background.

However, it's important to consider the specific requirements of the job posting or the preferences of the hiring organization. If a job listing explicitly states a preference for candidates with a specific degree or qualification, it might be beneficial for the candidate to highlight their educational background first, regardless of their career stage. This would immediately draw the hiring manager's attention to the fact that they meet this prerequisite.


2017 - 2021: Bachelor in Bedrijfskunde

Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam

  • Richting: Strategie en Organisatie
  • Scriptie: "De impact van digitalisering op kleine en middelgrote ondernemingen"
  • Afgestudeerd met onderscheiding

2013 - 2017: VWO Diploma

Gymnasium Haganum, Den Haag

  • Profiel: Economie en Maatschappij
  • Extra vakken: Duits, Geschiedenis
  • Eindexamenproject: "De economische crisis van 2008 en de gevolgen voor Nederland"

Cursussen en Certificaten

2021: Certified Associate in Project Management (CAPM)

Project Management Institute (PMI)

2020: Digitale Marketing Specialist

Google Digital Garage

Highlighting Your Skills: A Crucial Aspect of a Dutch Resume

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In the Netherlands, it's crucial to emphasize your skills in your resume as they are one of the primary factors that recruiters evaluate when considering candidates. Dutch employers value both hard and soft skills and look for evidence of these in your work experience, education, and additional activities. Hard skills, such as technical knowledge and language proficiency, are crucial to perform specific tasks and duties, while soft skills, like communication, problem-solving, and adaptability, are essential for effective functioning within a team and an organization.

Dutch recruiters are particularly interested in candidates who can demonstrate an ability to adapt to the fast-changing job market and who possess relevant skills that align with future work trends. This includes digital literacy, creativity, critical thinking, and social skills. Furthermore, since the Netherlands is a multinational country with many international businesses, language skills are highly valued, particularly proficiency in English and Dutch. Being able to demonstrate these skills on your resume will make you a more attractive candidate in the Dutch job market.

Hieronder presenteren we een voorbeeldlijst van zachte en harde vaardigheden die nuttig kunnen zijn bij het schrijven van een cv in het Nederlands.

Soft Skills:

  • Teamwork - Teamwerk
  • Communication - Communicatie
  • Problem-solving - Probleemoplossing
  • Time Management - Tijdbeheer
  • Flexibility - Flexibiliteit
  • Adaptability - Aanpassingsvermogen
  • Creativity - Creativiteit
  • Leadership - Leiderschap
  • Attention to Detail - Aandacht voor Detail
  • Critical Thinking - Kritisch Denken

Hard Skills:

  • Computer Programming - Computerprogrammering
  • Data Analysis - Data-analyse
  • Project Management - Projectbeheer
  • Foreign Languages - Vreemde Talen
  • Graphic Design - Grafisch Ontwerp
  • SEO/SEM Marketing - SEO/SEM Marketing
  • Statistical Analysis - Statistische Analyse
  • Sales Leadership - Verkoopleiderschap
  • Translation - Vertaling
  • Digital Marketing - Digitale Marketing

Adding Essential Sections to Your Dutch Resume

Additional headings can provide more specific and detailed information about an applicant's skills or experiences that are not typically included in the main sections of a CV. They can help present a more well-rounded and comprehensive picture of the applicant, making them more appealing to potential employers. For instance, if an applicant is proficient in several languages or has specific IT tools expertise, these could be valuable assets in today's globalized and technologically advanced work environment. Similarly, an applicant's hobbies or interests can provide insights into their personality or soft skills, while certificates or driving licenses could indicate additional qualifications or abilities.

The "Languages" category is particularly important in a Dutch CV as it showcases the applicant's multilingual abilities. In a globalized working environment, being able to communicate effectively in different languages is a valuable skill. This section is where you list the languages you speak and your level of proficiency in each. It's important to be honest as you might be tested on your language skills during the interview. Fluency in Dutch, English, or any other language the company operates in can give you an edge over other candidates.

The "IT Tools" category is another essential section in today's digital era. This section should list the software, systems, and tools you are familiar with, such as Microsoft Office, Photoshop, or coding languages. Highlighting your proficiency with these tools shows that you can comfortably navigate the digital aspects of the role. Depending on the job you're applying for, certain IT skills may be required or preferred; therefore, it's a good idea to tailor this section to the job description. Providing this information can set you apart from other candidates and demonstrate that you possess skills that can immediately add value to the company.

Enhancing Your Dutch Resume: Key Areas for Improvement

Improving your Dutch CV requires understanding the specific expectations and norms within the Netherlands job market. Here are some practical and applicable tips to help you create a more effective CV:

  1. Personal Information: Always include your personal details such as full name, address, contact number, and email. In the Netherlands, it's also common to include your date of birth and nationality.
  2. Professional Photograph: It is common in the Netherlands to include a professional headshot on your CV. Ensure the photo is of high quality and presents you in a professional manner.
  3. Tailored Content: Tailor your CV to each specific job you apply for. Highlight relevant experience and skills that match the job description.
  4. Use of Language: If you're fluent in Dutch, write your CV in Dutch unless the job advertisement is in English. If you're not fluent, it's best to write your CV in English.
  5. Skills and Competencies: Dutch employers appreciate a detailed overview of your skills and competencies. Make sure to include both your soft skills (communication, teamwork, problem-solving) and hard skills (specific qualifications or technical skills).
  6. Include Hobby and Interests: Dutch employers often look for well-rounded candidates. Including your hobbies and interests can give them an insight into your personality and how you might fit into the company culture.
  7. References: It's not necessary to include references in your CV unless specifically asked. However, always have them ready in case they are requested at a later stage.
  8. Keep it Concise: Dutch CVs are typically one to two pages, so keep your information concise and relevant. Avoid long paragraphs and use bullet points for clarity.

Essential Elements of a Dutch Resume: A Comprehensive Guide

dutch language

In conclusion, tailoring your CV to the Dutch market is crucial for increasing your chances of landing a job. The Dutch value directness and simplicity, so it's essential to keep your CV concise, relevant, and straightforward. Here are some key points you should consider when writing your Dutch CV:

  1. Personal details: Always start with your personal details such as name, address, phone number, and email address. Ensure the email address is professional.
  2. Photos: Including a photo in your CV is common in the Netherlands. Make sure it's a professional headshot and not a casual photo.
  3. CV Length: Keep your CV to a maximum of two pages. Dutch employers prefer concise and clear information.
  4. Work Experience: List your work experience in reverse chronological order, with the most recent job first. Provide a brief description of your duties and achievements in each role.
  5. Education: Similar to work experience, list your educational qualifications in reverse chronological order. Include any relevant training or certifications.
  6. Language Skills: If you're applying for a job in an international Dutch company, demonstrate your proficiency in English and any other languages relevant to the role.
  7. Hobbies and Interests: While this section is optional, it can give potential employers insight into your personality and how you might fit into the company culture.
  8. References: It's not necessary to list your references in the CV. You can simply mention that references are available upon request.
Remember, the Dutch job market is competitive, so your CV needs to stand out and accurately reflect your skills and experiences.

Mastering the Art of Writing Cover Letters in Dutch

A cover letter is a crucial element when applying for a job in the Netherlands. It provides an opportunity to present yourself in a more personal manner, expanding on your skills and experiences listed on your Dutch resume. Beyond just a summary of your CV, it allows you to explain why you're interested in the specific role and how you believe you can contribute to the company. It's also an opportunity to show that you understand the company and its values, demonstrating your interest and suitability. Including a cover letter can give you a significant advantage over other candidates who only submit their resumes.

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Frequently Asked Questions about Job Application and Resume Writing in Dutch

How do I translate my English CV into Dutch?

You can use translation tools or hire a professional translator. Make sure to use the correct terminology for job titles, qualifications, and professional jargon.

What is the standard format for a CV in the Netherlands?

The Dutch CV generally consists of personal details, a brief career objective, work experience, education, skills, and references. It should be concise, clear, and not more than two pages.

Which language should I use when applying for a job in the Netherlands?

If the job posting is in Dutch, you should submit your CV and cover letter in Dutch. If it's in English, then it's acceptable to apply in English.

What are the cultural differences I should be aware of when writing a Dutch CV?

Unlike in many countries, including personal details like birth date and marital status is common in Dutch CVs. Including a photo is optional but can be helpful.

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