Creating a CV in Malay: A Comprehensive Guide to Resume Writing

Crafting an effective CV for the Malay job market requires a deep understanding of its unique characteristics. How can one tailor a CV to meet the cultural nuances, job expectations, and employer preferences prevalent in Malaysia? This article provides a comprehensive guide on how to create a standout CV that aligns with the distinctive features of the Malay job market.
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Sample Resume in Malay Language

NAMA: Ahmad Bin Abu Bakar
ALAMAT: No. 5, Jalan Pandan Indah, 56100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
NOMBOR TELEFON: +60 12-345 6789


Mencari posisi Jurutera Mekanikal dalam organisasi yang membolehkan saya menggunakan kemahiran dan pengetahuan teknikal saya untuk mencapai matlamat dan objektif organisasi.


  • BSc dalam Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur (2015 - 2019)
  • Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM), Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Kuala Lumpur (2010 - 2014)


Jurutera Mekanikal, Syarikat XYZ, Petaling Jaya (Jun 2019 - Sekarang)

  • Mereka bentuk dan melaksanakan projek-projek mekanikal
  • Mengawasi dan memantau pelaksanaan projek
  • Menyelaraskan dan bekerja dengan pasukan untuk mencapai matlamat projek


Jurutera Mekanikal (Praktikum), Syarikat ABC, Shah Alam (Jun 2018 - Ogos 2018)

  • Membantu dalam merancang dan melaksanakan projek-projek mekanikal
  • Menyediakan laporan teknikal dan dokumentasi projek
  • Bekerja dalam pasukan untuk mencapai matlamat projek


  • Keupayaan untuk menganalisis dan menyelesaikan masalah teknikal
  • Kemahiran komunikasi yang baik dalam Bahasa Melayu dan Bahasa Inggeris
  • Kemahiran kerja berpasukan yang kuat
  • Mahir dalam perisian AutoCAD, SolidWorks dan Microsoft Office


Tersedia atas permintaan


  • Ahli Kelab Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Malaya (2015 - 2019)
  • Pemain bola sepak dalam pasukan sekolah (2010 - 2014)


  • Bahasa Melayu (Bahasa ibunda)
  • Bahasa Inggeris (Lancar)
  • Bahasa Mandarin (Asas)
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In the ensuing sections of this article, we will comprehensively elucidate how to craft a compelling CV in Malay for the Malay job market. A CV, or 'Curriculum Vitae', is a vital tool in your job hunt. It is an essential document that outlines your relevant work and educational history for prospective employers. In the context of the Malay job market, creating a CV in the Malay language can significantly enhance your chances of securing a job. It enables you to communicate directly with potential Malay-speaking employers, demonstrating respect and understanding for the local culture and language, which could set you apart from other candidates. This article aims to guide you through, step by step, to create a perfect Malay CV.

Useful Phrases for Crafting a Resume in Malay and Their Translations

In this section, you will find a handy list of useful terms related to writing a resume in Malay, all translated into the Malay language. This list should prove beneficial to you if you are planning to craft a resume in Malay or looking to understand a Malay resume better.

  • Resume structure: Struktur resume
  • Resume formatting: Format resume
  • Education: Pendidikan
  • Skills: Kemahiran
  • Internship: Latihan industri
  • Work experience: Pengalaman kerja
  • References: Rujukan
  • Contact Information: Maklumat perhubungan
  • Professional Summary: Ringkasan profesional
  • Career Objective: Objektif kerjaya
  • Certifications: Sijil-sijil
  • Personal Details: Butiran peribadi
  • Languages: Bahasa
  • Achievements: Pencapaian
  • Volunteer work: Kerja sukarela

This translation should provide a good starting point for you to begin writing or comprehending a resume in Malay.

Mastering the Essential Grammar for Crafting a Resume in Malay

In writing a resume in Malay, the grammar and conjugation rules are similar to those in English, with the main difference being the addition of affixes. Malay language does not have tenses like English, but it uses particles or words to indicate time frames. For instance, if you want to express that you 'worked' (past tense) at a certain company, you would say "saya telah bekerja di" (I have worked at). It's also common to use the present tense when indicating past experiences, such as "saya bekerja di" (I work at).

Resumes in Malay are typically written in the first person, and it's important to use formal language. For instance, instead of using the informal "aku", you should use the formal "saya" for 'I'. When listing skills, you can use "saya mempunyai" (I have) or "saya boleh" (I can). For example, "saya mempunyai kemahiran dalam pengurusan projek" (I have skills in project management) or "saya boleh berkomunikasi dalam bahasa Inggeris dan Melayu" (I can communicate in English and Malay). Remember to use proper and consistent punctuation and avoid colloquial language, ensuring your resume maintains a professional tone.

Understanding the Importance of Structure and Formatting in a Malay Resume

Memiliki CV yang terstruktur dengan baik adalah langkah penting dalam meraih tujuan karier dan menghadapi tantangan di pasaran kerja Malaysia. Sebuah CV yang terstruktur dengan baik tidak hanya merangkum kemampuan dan pengalaman seseorang, tetapi juga mencerminkan profesionalisme dan dedikasi mereka terhadap pekerjaan yang diinginkan. Tata letak dan struktur CV yang baik dapat memberikan kesan pertama yang positif dan mengesankan kepada perekrut. Ini sangat penting karena kesan pertama tersebut dapat membuka jalan bagi peluang wawancara dan bahkan penawaran pekerjaan. Oleh karena itu, penting untuk memanfaatkan setiap kesempatan untuk menonjol dan membedakan diri dalam pasar kerja yang kompetitif dan dinamis.

Besides the Malay Resume Template, we also offer other similar templates that you might find interesting.

Mastering the Art of Resume Formatting: A Comprehensive Guide to Writing Your Resume in Malay

  • Fonts: When creating a CV for the Malay market, it's essential to use a professional and clear font. 'Arial' or 'Times New Roman' are widely accepted as they are easy to read and look professional. Avoid using any fancy or decorative fonts, as it can make your CV look unprofessional and difficult to read.
  • Format: The format of the CV should be simple and straightforward. Start with personal details, followed by a summary or objective, educational qualifications, work experience, skills, and finally references. This format is widely accepted in Malaysia and it clearly presents the necessary information to the employer.
  • Margins: The margins on a CV should be between 1 to 1.5 inches. This provides a clean and uncluttered look, making it easy for employers to read and scan through your CV.
  • Bullet Points: Use bullet points to list details such as roles and responsibilities under each job you have held, or the skills you possess. Bullet points make it easy for the employer to identify key information quickly.
  • Separators: Use separators like lines or spacing to clearly distinguish between different sections of your CV. This helps in making your CV organized and easy to navigate.
  • Advice: It's important to tailor your CV to the specific job you are applying for in the Malay market. Highlight the skills and experiences that are most relevant to the job. This not only shows that you are a suitable candidate but also that you have a clear understanding of what the job entails.
  • Template and Colors: Choose a simple, clean template for your CV. Avoid using bright colors, instead stick to neutral colors like black, navy, or dark grey. These colors are considered professional and are preferred in the Malay market. Bright colors might distract or come across as unprofessional.

Mastering the Art of Resume Writing in Malay: The Importance of Structure

A CV or Resume in Malay carries a similar structure to the global standard, but with certain cultural nuances that need to be considered. Here are the essential sections that should be included in a Malay CV:

  • Personal Information: This should include your name, address, contact number, and email address. A professional photo could be included, as it is common in the Malaysian job market.
  • Career Objective: This is a brief statement about your career goals and why you are the best fit for the job. It should be concise and tailored to the specific job you are applying for.
  • Educational Background: List your educational qualifications in reverse chronological order, starting from the highest qualification. Be sure to include the name of the institution, the years you attended, and the degree or certificate you obtained.
  • Work Experience: Detail your previous jobs, internships, or work placements, including the name of the company, your role, and the period of employment. Be sure to highlight your achievements and skills gained during this period.
  • Skills and Competencies: List the skills you possess that are relevant to the job you are applying for. For example, if you are applying for a programming job in Malaysia, it's important to mention any proficiency in programming languages such as Java or Python.
  • References: Although not always necessary, it's a good idea to include two references. These can be previous employers or academic advisors.
  • Languages: Due to Malaysia's multilingual society, it's beneficial to list the languages you can speak and write. English, Malay, Mandarin, and Tamil are the most commonly spoken languages in the country.
A key piece of advice is to keep your CV clear, concise, and focused on the job at hand. Tailoring your CV to the specific job and company you're applying to can significantly increase your chances of landing an interview.

Mastering the Art of Crafting a Powerful Resume Header in Malay

The header of a Malay language resume is crucial, as it should be clearly visible and include all contact information to enable potential employers to reach out with ease. To create an effective header, one should start with their last name followed by their first name. Next, they should include their profession and discipline to provide a quick overview of their professional identity. The mailing address should follow, giving the employer information on the applicant's location. Then, the phone number should be added, ensuring an immediate means of communication. Lastly, the email address should be included as a modern and commonly-used avenue for discourse.

Nama Akhir, Nama Pertama

Profesi dan Disiplin

Alamat Surat-Menyurat


Alamat E-mel

Unlocking the Power of a Picture: Your Guide to Resumes in Malay

In the Malay job market, adding a photo to a resume is not a strict requirement. It is optional and depends largely on the nature of the job. For roles that require customer interaction, such as sales, hospitality, or public relations, a photo can add a personal touch. However, for most professional and corporate roles, a photo is usually not necessary.

If one chooses to include a photo, it should be a professional headshot, not a casual snapshot. The photo should be around 35mm x 45mm, similar to a passport photo, and placed at the top right or left corner of the resume. It's important to ensure that the photo is clear, has a neutral background, and represents the applicant appropriately.

However, it's crucial to remember that hiring decisions should be based on qualifications, skills, and experience, not appearances. Including a photo may inadvertently introduce bias into the hiring process, and some employers may disregard resumes with photos to avoid any perception of discrimination. Therefore, unless the job posting specifically asks for a photo, it is generally better to leave it out of a resume in the Malay market.

Highlighting Your Experience in a Malay-Style Resume

Crafting the 'Experience' Section of Your Resume for the Malay Job Market

The experience section in a Malay CV is a vital component, serving as a concrete testament to the candidate's skills, competencies, and suitability for the job role. It presents an opportunity to showcase specific accomplishments and lessons learned in previous roles, thus providing employers a comprehensive glimpse into the candidate's professional journey and potential contributions to their organization.

  • Organize in Chronological Order: Start with the most recent job and work backwards. This presents a clear picture of the career progression and helps employers understand the natural evolution of skills and responsibilities.
  • Include Contract Dates: Indicate the start and end dates for each role. This provides context about the duration spent at each job and gaps in employment, if any.
  • Specify Job Title: Clearly state the job title held at each previous employment. This gives an immediate understanding of the level of responsibilities and the nature of the job performed.
  • Utilize a Bulleted List: Use bullet points to list down key responsibilities and achievements for each role. This makes it easier for employers to quickly scan through and grasp the essence of each job role.
  • Provide Job Description: Detail the key responsibilities and tasks performed in each role. This helps employers understand the depth of experience and the kind of tasks the candidate is familiar with.
  • Employ Key Words: Incorporate key words from the job description into the experience section. This increases the chances of the CV being picked up by applicant tracking systems and also shows the candidate's suitability for the role in question.

Pengalaman Kerja:

Posisi: Pengurus Projek

Majikan: Sime Darby Property

Tarikh: Januari 2017 - Disember 2020


  • Memimpin dan menguruskan projek pembinaan dari peringkat awal hingga siap
  • Mengkoordinasikan pasukan projek dan kontraktor
  • Bertanggungjawab dalam pembuatan jadual dan bajet projek
  • Memantau pematuhan terhadap standard keselamatan dan peraturan
  • Menyelesaikan masalah dan isu yang timbul sepanjang projek.

Navigating the Challenge of Writing a Resume in Malay with No Prior Experience

Navigating the task of creating a CV in Malay with no prior experience can be overwhelming. Fortunately, we have compiled a list of easy-to-use tips specifically designed for novices. These strategies will guide you step by step and help you create an impressive CV, even without any prior experience.

  • Start with personal details: Your full name, contact details like address, phone number, and email ID. Include your LinkedIn profile if you have one.
  • Objective: Write a clear and concise career objective that explains your job goals and makes it clear why you are applying for the job.
  • Skills: List out all the skills you possess that are relevant to the job you are applying for. This can include both hard skills like computer literacy, language proficiency, etc., and soft skills like problem-solving, communication skills, etc.
  • Education: Provide a detailed account of your educational qualifications, starting from the highest degree. List the name of the institutions, duration of study, and the grades/percentages you achieved.
  • Certifications: If you have any certifications that are relevant to the job, do include them in your CV.
  • Extracurricular activities: Mention any clubs or societies you were a part of during your school or college days. Highlight the roles you held and the skills you gained from these experiences.
  • Volunteer experience: Even if you don't have professional work experience, any volunteer work or community service can be included. Highlight the responsibilities you had and the skills you acquired during these experiences.
  • Languages: Being multilingual can be a great asset. List all the languages you speak and your level of proficiency.
  • References: If possible, include a couple of references from people who can vouch for your skills and abilities. These can be your teachers, professors, or anyone who has supervised you in a work-like setting.
  • Formatting: Ensure your CV is well-structured, easy to read, and free of any spelling or grammar errors. Use bullet points where possible for easy readability.
  • Honesty: Always be truthful while filling out your CV. Any false information can lead to disqualification.
  • Customization: Customize your CV according to the job you are applying for. Highlight the skills and experiences that are most relevant to the job.
  • Review: Always review and proofread your CV before sending it out. A CV with mistakes can leave a bad impression on the employer.

Honing the Education Section in Your Malay Resume

The education section in a Malay CV is crucial as it outlines the academic qualifications of the applicant. This section provides potential employers with insights into the candidate's level of knowledge, skills, and competencies, which are often directly related to their educational background. It includes details such as the institutions attended, courses studied, qualifications obtained, and any academic achievements.

Moreover, the education section is of paramount importance because it often serves as a determining factor for employers, especially for entry-level positions where candidates have little to no work experience. It helps employers assess the applicant's potential for learning new tasks, problem-solving, and their dedication to completing a long-term goal. Thus, a well-presented education section can significantly enhance the attractiveness of a CV and increase the chances of securing an interview.

Prioritizing Educational Information in Your Malay Resume

In a Malay CV, education is typically listed first, particularly for individuals early in their careers. This is because in the context of Malay society, academic qualifications are highly regarded, and employers often prioritize this information when considering potential candidates. For example, a fresh graduate from a top-ranking university like Universiti Malaya or Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia would usually highlight this achievement at the beginning of their CV.

However, there are exceptions to this rule. For more seasoned professionals with substantial work experience, the 'Work Experience' section may take precedence over 'Education'. For instance, a candidate with a decade of managerial experience in a multinational company might choose to highlight this experience first, as it is more relevant and likely to be of greater interest to potential employers. This shows that the placement of education in a Malay CV can be flexible and should be tailored to best showcase the candidate's skills and experiences.


Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur (2017-2021)

Ijazah Sarjana Muda dalam Perniagaan dan Pengurusan

CGPA: 3.75

Kolej Tingkatan Enam, Shah Alam (2015-2017)

Sijil Tinggi Pelajaran Malaysia (STPM)

CGPA: 3.8

Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Taman Melawati, Kuala Lumpur (2010-2015)

Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM)

8A, 2B

Kursus dan Sijil Tambahan:

  • Sijil Profesional dalam Pengurusan Projek, Universiti Malaya, 2019
  • Kursus Asas Bahasa Jepun, Pusat Bahasa Moden dan Sains, 2018
  • Bengkel Kepimpinan dan Pengurusan, Universiti Malaya, 2017


  • Anugerah Dekan (2017-2021), Universiti Malaya
  • Johan dalam Pertandingan Debat Universiti, 2019
  • Juara dalam Pertandingan Pidato SPM, 2015

Honing Essential Skills for an Impressive Resume in Malay

In the job market of Malaysia, showcasing your skills in your resume is of paramount importance. These skills are the reflectors of your capabilities and expertise in a specific field, and they directly impact your employability. Recruiters in Malaysia highly prioritize a candidate’s skills, alongside their educational qualifications and work experience when screening resumes. Demonstrating a diverse range of skills, both technical and soft, can significantly enhance your prospects of securing a job. Skills such as multilingualism, IT proficiency, project management, and problem-solving are particularly sought after in the Malaysian job market.

Recruiters in Malaysia are not just looking for candidates with the right qualifications; they are seeking individuals who can bring value to their organizations by applying their skills effectively. In the increasingly competitive job market of Malaysia, skills such as adaptability, leadership, communication, and teamwork are as important as job-specific technical skills. Employers want candidates who can adapt to different situations, work well in a team, communicate effectively, and take the lead when required. Therefore, it's essential for job seekers to highlight these skills in their resumes to stand out from the crowd and to increase their chances of being hired.

Berikut merupakan senarai contoh kemahiran lembut dan kemahiran keras yang boleh digunakan semasa menulis resume dalam Bahasa Melayu.

Soft Skills (Kemahiran Lembut):

  • Strong communication skills (Kemahiran komunikasi yang kuat)
  • Problem-solving abilities (Kemampuan menyelesaikan masalah)
  • Good team player (Pemain pasukan yang baik)
  • Leadership skills (Kemahiran kepimpinan)
  • Ability to work under pressure (Kemampuan bekerja di bawah tekanan)
  • Excellent organizational skills (Kemahiran organisasi yang sangat baik)
  • High level of patience (Tahap kesabaran yang tinggi)
  • Strong negotiation skills (Kemahiran rundingan yang kuat)
  • Excellent work ethic (Etika kerja yang sangat baik)
  • Able to accept and learn from criticism (Mampu menerima dan belajar dari kritikan)

Hard Skills (Kemahiran Keras):

  • Computer literacy (Literasi komputer)
  • Proficiency in a foreign language (Kecekapan dalam bahasa asing)
  • Technical skills (Kemahiran teknikal)
  • Project management (Pengurusan projek)
  • Data analysis (Analisis data)
  • Digital marketing (Pemasaran digital)
  • Proficient in Microsoft Office (Mahir dalam Microsoft Office)
  • Graphic design (Reka bentuk grafik)
  • Coding or programming (Kod atau pengaturcaraan)
  • Certified in CPR and first aid (Disahkan dalam CPR dan pertolongan cemas)

Additional Sections to Include in Your Malay Resume

Additional headings in a Malay CV can provide a more comprehensive view of an individual's qualifications and experiences. They allow potential employers to get a thorough understanding of the candidate’s skills and abilities beyond their education and work experience. They also give the candidate an opportunity to highlight unique skills or experiences that may separate them from other applicants. For this, I would choose 'Languages' and 'IT tools' as additional categories.

The 'Languages' category is essential especially in a multilingual country like Malaysia. This section enables candidates to highlight their linguistic abilities. Being proficient in multiple languages is an advantage in the professional world as it facilitates communication and broadens the scope of interaction within diverse work environments. It's not just about being able to speak the languages, but also about understanding the cultural nuances that come with them, which can be a valuable asset in many industries.

The 'IT tools' category is equally important in the current job market where technology plays a significant role. This section allows candidates to showcase their competence in different software, applications, and digital platforms that are relevant to the job they are applying for. Given the increasing digitization of workplaces, having a strong grasp of IT tools can make a candidate more attractive to employers. It might include everything from knowledge of Microsoft Office suite to proficiency in graphic design tools or programming languages, depending on the job role.

Enhancing Your Malay Resume: Key Points of Improvement

Improving your Malay CV requires a specific approach that caters to the local job market and cultural nuances. Here are some tips that could help:

  1. Language Proficiency: Highlight your language skills, especially if you're fluent in Bahasa Malaysia and English. This could set you apart from other candidates.
  2. Include NRIC: In Malaysia, it's common to include your National Registration Identity Card (NRIC) number. This is similar to a social security number and helps employers verify your identity.
  3. Specific Job Titles: Be specific with job titles in your work history section. This provides clarity to employers on your previous roles and responsibilities.
  4. References: References are highly valued in the Malaysian job market. Make sure to include two or three references with their contact details.
  5. Customize Your CV: Tailor your CV to each job you apply for. Highlight relevant skills and experiences that match the job description.
  6. Personal Details: Include your marital status and number of children if applicable. This is common practice in Malaysia and can reflect stability to potential employers.
  7. Attach a Photo: Attaching a professional photo of yourself is common practice in Malaysia. It gives your CV a personal touch and helps potential employers put a face to the name.
  8. Highlight Your Soft Skills: Emphasize your soft skills such as teamwork, communication, problem-solving as these are highly valued in the Malaysian job market.

Essential Components of a Malaysian Resume: A Comprehensive Guide

In conclusion, crafting a successful Malay CV requires specific strategies and a keen understanding of the job market's cultural context. The following points can be your guideline to create an impactful and effective Malay CV:

  1. Personal Details: Always start with your personal details, including your full name, contact information, and address. Do not forget to include your email address and phone number for easy contact.
  2. Objective: Write a brief, clear career objective that matches the job you're applying for. It should explain your career goals and how they align with the company's mission.
  3. Education: List your educational background in reverse chronological order. It is crucial to include the name of the institutions and the dates you were there, coupled with the qualifications you obtained.
  4. Work Experience: Like your education history, your work experience should be listed in reverse chronological order. Include the name of the companies, your role, and the dates of your employment.
  5. Skills: Highlight the skills that are relevant to the job you are applying for. This could be technical skills (like computer programming) or soft skills (like communication or leadership).
  6. Language Proficiency: In a multilingual country like Malaysia, it's crucial to list the languages you're proficient in. Make sure to note your proficiency level for each language.
  7. References: It is advisable to list down two references, preferably your former employer or someone who can vouch for your skills and character. Always ask for permission before listing someone as your reference.
Remember, your CV represents you on paper, so ensure it's concise, error-free and professional. Make every word count and let your CV reflect the best version of you.

Crafting an Effective Cover Letter in Malay for Your Resume

In Malaysia, enclosing a cover letter with your resume when applying for a job is a critical step. This is because the cover letter serves as your first impression to the employer, showcasing your interest and desire to work for their company. More than that, it gives you an opportunity to explain in detail about your skills, experiences, and suitability for the job position, which might not be fully conveyed in your resume. Additionally, a well-crafted cover letter displays your communication and writing skills, both of which are important in the Malaysian job market. Lastly, it demonstrates professionalism and dedication, traits highly valued by employers in Malaysia.

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Frequently Asked Questions About Crafting a Resume and Job Application in Malay

How do I write a CV in Malay?

To write a CV in Malay, you should follow the same format as in English, but translate the content into Malay. This includes your personal information, education, work experience, skills, and references.

What should I include in my CV when applying for jobs in Malaysia?

Your CV should include your personal details, a summary of your career objective, details about your education and work experience, your skills, languages spoken, and references. Make sure to write it in a professional and concise manner.

What is the equivalent term for "Curriculum Vitae" in Malay?

The Malay term for "Curriculum Vitae" is "Curriculum Vitae" itself. It's a universally accepted term. However, it can also be referred to as "Resume" or "Riwayat Hidup".

Are there any specific cultural aspects I should consider when writing a CV in Malay?

While the basic principles of writing a CV remain the same, you should consider the local job market and cultural nuances. For example, it's more common in Malaysia to include a personal photo in your CV. Also, make sure to use formal and respectful language.

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