Creating a CV in Slovak: A Comprehensive Guide

Understanding how to construct a Slovak CV to resonate with the local job market can significantly increase your chances of securing employment. The Slovak market is often characterized by its preference for detail-oriented, comprehensive CVs, and a personal approach. What are the quirks and expectations of the Slovak job market? What are the essential components of a Slovak CV? How do you tailor your CV to make it appealing to Slovak employers?
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In the forthcoming sections of this article, we will meticulously guide you on how to craft an impeccable CV in Slovak specifically tailored for the Slovak job market. The importance of curating a CV in Slovak cannot be overstated when applying for jobs in Slovakia. A well-written CV in the local language not only exhibits your competency in Slovak but also demonstrates your willingness to integrate into the local culture. This can significantly elevate your chances of securing a job in Slovakia, as employers often prefer candidates who are well-versed in the local language and customs. So, let's delve into the process of creating a perfect Slovak CV that can help you stand out in the competitive job market.

Chapter 2: Presenting a Sample Resume in Slovak

Osobné Údaje:

Ján Novák

Bratislava, Slovensko

Telefón: 0905 123 456


Pracovné Skúsenosti:

Obchodný manažér, XYZ s.r.o., Bratislava

Február 2017 - Súčasnosť

  • Vedenie a organizácia týmu obchodných zástupcov
  • Plánovanie a riadenie obchodných aktivít firmy
  • Vyhodnocovanie trhových trendov a analýza konkurencie

Obchodný zástupca, ABC a.s., Bratislava

Marec 2012 - Január 2017

  • Predaj výrobkov a služieb firmy
  • Starostlivosť o existujúceho zákazníka
  • Získavanie nových zákazníkov


Ekonomická Univerzita v Bratislave, Fakulta obchodnej ekonomiky

Magister, Obchodná ekonomika a manažment

2010 - 2012

Ekonomická Univerzita v Bratislave, Fakulta obchodnej ekonomiky

Bakalár, Obchodná ekonomika a manažment

2007 - 2010

Jazykové Znalosti:

  • Anglický jazyk - Pokročilý
  • Nemecký jazyk - Stredne pokročilý

Technické Zručnosti:

  • MS Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint)
  • CRM systémy
  • Analýza dát

Osobné Vlastnosti:

  • Komunikatívny a organizačný talent
  • Schopnosť práce v tíme
  • Zodpovedný a spoľahlivý
  • Schopnosť samostatne rozhodovať a riešiť problémy


Poskytnú sa na požiadanie.

Essential Phrases and Their Translations for Writing a Resume in Slovak

In the following section, you will find a helpful list of terms that will assist you in writing a resume in Slovak. These terms have been translated into Slovak to make it easier for you to understand and apply them when crafting your resume.

  • Resume structure - Štruktúra životopisu
  • Resume formatting - Formátovanie životopisu
  • Education - Vzdelanie
  • Skills - Zručnosti
  • Internship - Stáž
  • Work Experience - Pracovná skúsenosť
  • References - Referencie
  • Professional Summary - Profesionálny súhrn
  • Awards and Achievements - Ocenenia a úspechy
  • Languages - Jazyky
  • Volunteer Work - Dobrovoľnícka práca
  • Certifications - Certifikáty
  • Contact Information - Kontaktné informácie
  • Career Objective - Kariérny cieľ
  • Personal Information - Osobné údaje.

Utilizing Slovak Grammar for an Effective Resume

In a Slovak resume, verbs should be used in the past tense and in the third person. This is because you are describing past actions and experiences. For instance, instead of saying "I managed a team of five people" (Spravoval som tím piatich ľudí), you would say "Managed a team of five people" (Spravoval tím piatich ľudí). This helps to maintain a more formal and professional tone throughout the document.

Slovak grammar also has a range of conjugations based on gender and number. This is not typically an issue in a resume, as you are usually talking about your own experiences. However, it is important to be consistent with your use of gender. For instance, if you are a woman, you would say "Developed a new marketing strategy" (Vyvinula som novú marketingovú stratégiu) rather than "Vyvinul som novú marketingovú stratégiu". It's also crucial to use the correct case endings. For instance, in the sentence "Worked in a multinational company" (Pracovala som v medzinárodnej spoločnosti), the word for "company" is in the locative case, which is marked by the ending "-i". Remember, it's not enough to use correct verb forms; correct noun and adjective forms are equally important.

Understanding the Significance of Structure and Formatting in Slovak Resumes

Dobré usporiadanie a štruktúra životopisu sú kľúčové pre dosiahnutie kariérnych cieľov a prekonanie výziev, s ktorými sa môžeme na slovenskom pracovnom trhu stretnúť. Z hľadiska zamestnávateľa je cvičenie výrazom profesionality, zručností a záväzku uchádzača. Správna štruktúra a rozloženie informácií v životopise môže významne zvýšiť vaše šance na úspešné umiestnenie. Pracovný trh je konkurenčný a kvalitne zpracovaný životopis môže byť presne tým, čo vás odlišuje. Nezabudnite, že výzva je vždy príležitosťou na rast a zlepšenie.

Besides the Slovak Resume Template, we also offer other similar templates you might be interested in.

Master the Art of Resume Formatting: A Detailed Guide to Writing a Resume in Slovak

• Font: In a Slovak CV, the font should be professional and easy to read. Times New Roman, Arial, or Calibri are commonly used fonts. It's best to stick with a size between 10 and 12. These fonts are universally recognizable, and they present a clean, professional image.

• Format: The format of a CV for the Slovak market should be clear and straightforward. Start with personal details, followed by education, work experience, skills, and references. This order is widely accepted in Slovakia and helps employers easily find information.

• Margins: Keep the margins between 1 and 1.5 inches. This provides a neat layout and makes the CV easy to read. Too much or too little space can make the document look cluttered or sparse, respectively.

• Bullet Points: Use bullet points to list your skills, responsibilities in previous jobs, or achievements. They break up the text and make it easier to skim through the CV, which is beneficial given that employers typically spend only a few seconds initially reviewing each CV.

• Separators: Use separators like lines or different font sizes to distinguish between different sections of the CV. This adds to the overall presentation and readability of the document.

• Colors: Stick to neutral colors like black, gray, or navy. These colors are considered professional and are less likely to distract the reader. Bright or neon colors might come off as unprofessional in the Slovak job market.

• Template: Use a simple, professional template for your CV. Avoid overly complex or decorative templates as they can distract from the content of the CV. A clean, minimalist template is best for the Slovak job market as it presents information in a clear, easy-to-read manner.

• Advice: Always proofread your CV before sending it out. Mistakes in spelling or grammar can make a negative impression. In the competitive Slovak job market, presenting a polished, error-free CV can give you an edge over other candidates.

Mastering the Art of Resume Structure: A Guide to Crafting Your Slovak Resume

A CV or curriculum vitae in Slovak is structured similarly to those in other countries, but there are some key sections that are particularly important to include. This CV should be carefully tailored to each job application, ensuring that the most relevant skills, experiences, and qualifications are prominently featured:

• Osobné údaje (Personal Information): This section typically includes your full name, contact information, and possibly a professional photo. Some Slovak companies may also expect your date of birth, nationality, and marital status, although this is not a requirement.

• Profesijný profil (Professional Profile): This is a concise summary of your skills, experience, and career goals. It should be tailored to each application, for instance, if you are applying for a job in IT, mention your expertise in coding languages or project management.

• Pracovná skúsenosť (Work Experience): List your previous jobs in reverse chronological order, including the name of the company, your position, the dates you worked there, and a brief description of your responsibilities and achievements. If you're applying for a job in Slovakia's thriving automotive industry, for instance, highlighting relevant experience would be beneficial.

• Vzdelanie (Education): Detail your academic qualifications, again in reverse chronological order. Include the name of the institution, the dates you attended, and the qualifications you achieved.

• Zručnosti a schopnosti (Skills and Abilities): This is the section where you list your technical skills, languages, and any other relevant abilities. For example, if you are fluent in German - an asset in Slovakia given its strong business ties with German-speaking countries - be sure to include this.

• Dodatočné informácie (Additional Information): This could include any relevant courses or training you've undertaken, your driving license status, or hobbies and interests. A piece of advice: if you're part of a professional organization related to your field, it's worth mentioning here.

Remember, the most important thing is to ensure your CV is clear, concise, and tailored to the job you're applying for.

Mastering the Art of Crafting a Winning Header for Your Slovak Resume

The header of a Slovak language resume is crucial because it should be clearly visible and contain all vital contact information, offering potential employers immediate access to the candidate's details. To create an effective header, the individual should start by prominently displaying their last name followed by their first name. Next, they should state their profession and discipline, offering a quick snapshot of their professional identity. This should be followed by the mailing address, ensuring any formal correspondence can be sent to the correct location. After that, the individual should list their phone number for direct contact. Finally, an e-mail address should be provided, which gives an additional, often preferred, method of contact for many employers.


Priezvisko, Meno

Profesia a odbor

Poštová adresa


E-mailová adresa

Unlocking the Power of Your Photo in Crafting a Winning Slovak Resume

In the Slovak job market, adding a photo to a resume is not a strict requirement but it is a common practice. It can make your application more personalized and help the employer remember your file among many others. However, the choice to include a photo is ultimately yours. If you decide to do so, ensure that it is a professional headshot. The photo should be recent and clearly show your face. It should be passport-sized, approximately 35mm x 45mm. Avoid casual or inappropriate photos as they may create an unfavorable impression.

However, it is important to note that the inclusion of a photo can potentially expose you to discrimination or bias, even though such practices are discouraged and illegal. Therefore, if you feel that your appearance may affect your application due to bias, you are not obliged to include a photo. Your skills and qualifications should be the primary focus of your resume.

Always consider the company culture and job requirements before deciding to include a photo. For instance, if you are applying for a client-facing role or a position in the media or fashion industry, a photo may be more relevant.

In conclusion, while adding a photo to a resume in the Slovak market is common, it is not mandatory and its inclusion should be carefully considered based on the job role and company culture.

Emphasizing Your Experience in a Slovak Resume: A Crucial Element for Success in the Slovak Job Market

Crafting an Effective Experience Section for Your Resume in the Slovak Job Market

The experience section of a Slovak CV holds significant importance as it affords potential employers a comprehensive overview of the candidate's professional history. It elucidates one's skills, ability to handle tasks, and workplace adaptability, all of which are crucial aspects to consider when hiring for any job in Slovakia.

Advice for crafting the experience section:

• Chronological Order: Start with the most recent job role and then work backwards. This allows employers to quickly assess the candidate's current skill level and recent accomplishments.

• Contract Dates: Always include the start and end dates for each role. This provides important context about the length of service, potential gaps in employment, and if the candidate has experience in handling long-term projects.

• Job Title: Be accurate with the job title. It should accurately reflect the role handled, as this gives potential employers a clear understanding of the level of responsibilities undertaken.

• Bulleted List: Use a bulleted list to outline the responsibilities and achievements in each role. It simplifies readability and allows potential employers to easily scan through the information.

• Job Description: Be detailed in describing the job role. It should encapsulate the scope of duties, level of responsibility, type of projects handled, and the impact of the candidate's contribution to the organization.

• Use of Key Words: Incorporate industry-specific keywords and jargon. This demonstrates a deep understanding of the sector and can be beneficial for ATS (Applicant Tracking Systems) that screen CVs based on specific words.


Pozícia: Vedúci oddelenia obchodu

Zamestnávateľ: Tesco Stores, Bratislava

Dátumy: Január 2017 - Súčasnosť


  • Riadenie a koordinácia pracovných aktivít oddelenia.
  • Plánovanie a organizovanie inventúr.
  • Zodpovednosť za dosiahnutie obchodných cieľov.
  • Riadenie a rozvoj tímu zamestnancov.
  • Zabezpečenie vysokého štandardu zákazníckeho servisu.

Navigating the Challenge of Writing a Slovak Resume with No Prior Work Experience

Navigating the task of creating a compelling CV in Slovak without prior experience can be daunting. However, it is completely achievable with the right guidance. The following are easy-to-use tips designed to help you fill out a CV in Slovak, even if you have no previous experience. These tips aim to highlight your potential and make a strong impression on employers.

• Start by providing your personal details: Include your full name, telephone number, email address, and home address. Make sure these details are accurate and up-to-date.

• Write a strong personal statement: This is a brief summary of who you are, your skills, and your career goals. Highlight your passion for the industry you plan to enter, and explain why you would be a good fit despite your lack of experience.

• Highlight your education: Since you don't have work experience, your education will play a crucial role. List your schools, the years you attended, your grades, and any relevant coursework or projects. If you've graduated recently, consider including your GPA if it's strong.

• Showcase your skills: If you've acquired any skills from your education or personal experiences that are relevant to the job you're applying for, be sure to highlight them. These could be technical skills (like proficiency in a certain software program) or soft skills (like effective communication or teamwork).

• Include any internships or volunteer work: Even if you haven't been employed in a traditional sense, any internships or volunteer positions can be very relevant. They demonstrate your work ethic and give you some practical experience to discuss.

• Mention relevant extracurricular activities: If you've been involved in any clubs, societies, or teams, be sure to include these. They can demonstrate valuable skills like leadership, teamwork, and commitment.

• Provide references: If possible, include references from people who can vouch for your skills, work ethic, and character. These could be teachers, coaches, or leaders of organizations you've volunteered with.

• Keep the layout clear and simple: Use a clear, easy-to-read font, and keep the layout clean and uncluttered. Be concise and to the point.

• Proofread carefully: Make sure there are no errors in your CV. This includes spelling and grammar mistakes, as well as inaccuracies in your personal details or qualifications.

• Translate your CV into Slovak: If the job you're applying for requires a CV in Slovak, be sure to translate it accurately. If you're not fluent in Slovak, consider seeking help from a native speaker or professional translator.

Harnessing the Power of Education in Crafting Your Resume in Slovak

The education section in a Slovak CV is of paramount importance as it provides crucial information about the candidate's academic qualifications. It outlines the level of education, areas of study, specializations and the institutions attended, thus giving potential employers a clear view of the candidate's academic background. This section helps the employer to assess if the candidate has the necessary educational qualifications for the job. In addition, it can also provide an indication about the candidate's intellectual abilities, commitment, and discipline. Therefore, an effectively written education section can significantly enhance the potential for being shortlisted for job opportunities.

Prioritizing Education in Your Slovak Resume: What to Put First

In the context of Slovak CVs, education typically holds a prominent position, however, it does not necessarily have to be the first section. The placement of education largely depends on the individual's professional experience and the job they're applying for. For instance, if a candidate is a recent graduate with limited work experience, then education should be placed at the beginning of the CV. This is because, in such cases, academic qualifications are the strongest selling point for the candidate.

On the other hand, if the candidate has a long-standing and relevant work experience, it would be more beneficial to highlight this first. For example, a candidate applying for a managerial position who has over 10 years of management experience should place their work experience ahead of their education due to its direct relevance to the position.

However, in situations where a position requires a specific educational background or qualification, regardless of extensive professional experience, education should appear first. For example, in research or academic positions, the recruiters are more interested in the candidate's educational qualifications and research contributions, hence, in such cases, education should be prioritized.




  • Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave, Fakulta matematiky, fyziky a informatiky, Bratislava, Slovensko

Bakalár informatiky, 2017-2020


  • Gymnázium Jura Hronca, Bratislava, Slovensko

Maturita, 2013-2017

Jazykové kurzy:

  • Angličtina - úroveň C1, Cambridge English Language Assessment, 2018
  • Nemčina - úroveň B2, Goethe-Institut, 2019

Ďalšie vzdelávanie a certifikáty:

  • Programátorský kurz Java, Code Academy, 2020
  • Certifikát z databázových systémov, Oracle, 2021

Honing Your Skills Section for a Compelling Slovak Resume

Skills are incredibly important in a Slovak resume as they provide a clear indication of a candidate's abilities and competencies. They help recruiters to quickly and efficiently assess whether an individual has the necessary qualifications and experience to perform a particular job. In Slovakia, both hard skills, such as technical abilities or professional qualifications, and soft skills, including communication, problem-solving abilities, and teamwork, are highly valued. The inclusion of these skills in a resume can significantly increase a candidate's chances of being considered for a position, as it allows potential employers to accurately gauge their suitability for a role.

In the job market of Slovakia, recruiters are looking for a blend of both industry-specific skills and general competencies. For technology or manufacturing roles, for instance, technical skills and knowledge are crucial. For roles within sales, marketing, or customer service, communication and interpersonal skills are highly sought after. Increasingly, employers are also looking for candidates with advanced digital skills, language proficiency (particularly in English and German), and a willingness to continue learning and developing new skills. Therefore, a well-rounded skill set that meets the demands of the contemporary Slovak job market can significantly boost a candidate's career prospects.

Nižšie predstavujeme vzorový zoznam mäkkých a tvrdých zručností, ktoré môžu byť užitočné pri písaní životopisu v slovenčine.

Soft skills:

  • Communication skills - Komunikačné schopnosti
  • Problem-solving - Riešenie problémov
  • Creativity - Kreativita
  • Leadership - Vedenie
  • Time management - Manažment času
  • Adaptability - Prispôsobivosť
  • Teamwork - Tímová práca
  • Work ethic - Pracovná etika
  • Positive attitude - Pozitívny prístup
  • Self-motivation - Sebamotivácia

Hard skills:

  • Foreign languages - Cudzie jazyky
  • Data analysis - Analýza údajov
  • Computer programming - Počítačové programovanie
  • Project management - Projektový manažment
  • Digital marketing - Digitálny marketing
  • Financial literacy - Finančná gramotnosť
  • Proficiency in MS Office - Znalosť MS Office
  • Graphic design - Grafický dizajn
  • SEO/SEM marketing - SEO/SEM marketing
  • Social media management - Manažment sociálnych médií

Additional Sections to Enhance Your Slovak Resume

Additional headings in a Slovak CV would provide more detailed information about one's abilities, skills, and qualifications beyond the standard headings of personal information, education, and work experience. Adding extra categories such as Languages, Hobbies or interests, Certificates, Driving licenses, References, and IT tools can make your CV stand out from the rest. They can provide a more comprehensive picture of who you are as a person, not just as an employee. It gives potential employers insight into your personality, versatility, and adaptability, which are valuable in any work environment. For this reason, I would choose to add "Languages" and "IT tools" categories.

The "Languages" category is crucial in a globalized world where companies often have international clients or partners. Knowing multiple languages implies that you can communicate effectively with diverse groups of people, thus opening up more opportunities for the company. Moreover, it shows your ability to learn new things and adapt to different environments. In this section, you should list all languages you can speak, read, or write, and indicate your proficiency level in each.

The "IT Tools" category is equally important, especially in the digital age. Proficiency in certain software, programming languages, or digital tools can make you a valuable asset to potential employers. It is important to highlight your ability to navigate the digital world, as it is increasingly becoming a necessity in almost all fields of work. In this section, you should list all the IT tools you are familiar with and indicate your level of expertise for each.

Honing Your Skills: Tips to Improve Your Slovak Resume

Improving your Slovak CV can greatly increase your chances of landing a job. Here are some tips specifically tailored to the Slovak job market:

  1. Use the Europass CV template: The European Commission developed the Europass CV to standardize applications across EU countries. This format is widely recognized and accepted in Slovakia.
  2. Include personal information: Unlike some countries, it is customary in Slovakia to include personal details like your date of birth, marital status, and nationality.
  3. Language proficiency: Specify your language skills and proficiency level, especially if you can speak Slovak. English is also highly valued in the Slovak job market.
  4. Add photo: Including a professional photograph in your CV is common in Slovakia. Make sure it's a recent and formal one.
  5. Highlight relevant experience: Slovak employers prefer CVs that are concise and straight to the point. Only include work experience and skills that are relevant to the job you're applying for.
  6. Include educational achievements: List your educational qualifications, starting from the most recent. If you have studied in a Slovak educational institution, highlight this as it can be an advantage.
  7. Provide references: If you have work experience, it's beneficial to provide references. Slovak employers may contact your previous employers to verify your work history.
  8. Adapt your CV for each job: Tailor your CV to match each job you apply for. Highlight skills and experience that align with the job description. This shows employers that you are genuinely interested in the role and have taken the time to apply carefully.

Essential Components of a Slovak Resume

In wrapping up, crafting an effective Slovak CV is crucial for landing your dream job in Slovakia. It is a reflection of your professional journey, skills, and abilities. Here are some practical tips to keep in mind while preparing your Slovak CV:

  1. Personal Information: Unlike English CVs, include personal information like your date of birth, nationality, and marital status. If applicable, mention if you have a driver's license.
  2. Language Skills: Be sure to include your language skills, especially if you are fluent in Slovak or any other language. Mention your level of proficiency in each.
  3. Use Bullet Points: When listing your job duties, responsibilities, and achievements, use bullet points for easy reading and comprehension.
  4. Photo Inclusion: It is common in Slovakia to include a professional photograph at the top of your CV. Ensure that the photo is recent and presents you in a professional light.
  5. Reverse Chronological Order: List your professional experiences and education in reverse chronological order, starting with the most recent.
  6. Adapt to the Job: Tailor your CV for each job application. Highlight the skills and experiences that are most relevant to the position you're applying for.
  7. References: Including references in your CV is common in Slovakia. Make sure to have their contact information ready and inform them that they might be contacted.
  8. Proofread: Always proofread your CV for any grammatical or spelling errors. An error-free CV makes a good impression on employers.

Crafting an Effective Cover Letter in Slovak for Your Resume

Including a cover letter with your Slovak resume when applying for a job in Slovakia is crucial as it offers you a chance to personally introduce yourself and express your interest for the position. It allows you to elaborate on your qualifications and skills in a more detailed and personalized manner than your resume. In Slovakia, employers appreciate a well-written cover letter as it demonstrates your effort, motivation and understanding of the job role. Furthermore, it's an opportunity to display your knowledge about the company and how you can contribute to its objectives. Thus, a cover letter plays a key role in differentiating yourself from other candidates and increasing your chances of landing the job.

Frequently Asked Questions about Job Applications and Resume Writing in Slovak

1. Q: What is the Slovak term for a CV?

A: In Slovak, a CV is referred to as "životopis".

2. Q: Is there a specific format for writing a CV in Slovak?

A: Yes, the format is similar to that of other countries. It includes personal details, education, work experience, skills, and references, presented in a concise and clear manner.

3. Q: Should the CV be written in Slovak or English?

A: It depends on the job you're applying for. If the job posting is in Slovak, it's better to write your CV in Slovak. However, if it's an international company, English may be preferred.

4. Q: Are there specific terms or phrases I should include in my CV when writing it in Slovak?

A: Yes, certain terms like "Skúsenosti" for experience, "Vzdelanie" for education, and "Osobné údaje" for personal details are important to use while writing a CV in Slovak.

5. Q: Do I need to include a photo in my Slovak CV?

A: Including a photo is not mandatory for a Slovak CV. However, if you choose to include one, it should be professional and recent.

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