Crafting Your CV in Polish: A Comprehensive Guide

Navigating the nuances of the Polish job market can be a complex process, given its unique characteristics, such as its emphasis on qualifications and extensive work experience. How can one craft a compelling Polish CV that stands out among others? This article will provide a comprehensive guide on how to create a competitive CV tailored to the demand of the Polish job market, delving into its unique requirements and preferences.

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Presenting a Sample Resume in Polish


Imię i Nazwisko: Jan Kowalski
Adres: ul. Marszałkowska 100, 00-100 Warszawa
Telefon: 123 456 789


Menedżer sprzedaży, XYZ Sp. z o.o., Warszawa (2015 - teraz)

  • Zarządzanie zespołem sprzedażowym składającym się z 10 osób
  • Realizacja celów sprzedażowych
  • Opracowywanie strategii sprzedaży
  • Tworzenie i realizacja planu sprzedaży

Specjalista ds. sprzedaży, ABC Sp. z o.o., Warszawa (2010 - 2015)

  • Bezpośrednia sprzedaż produktów firmy
  • Utrzymywanie relacji z klientami
  • Realizacja celów sprzedażowych
  • Opracowywanie ofert handlowych


Uniwersytet Warszawski, Wydział Zarządzania
Magister, Zarządzanie i Marketing (2005 - 2010)


  • Doskonałe umiejętności interpersonalne
  • Umiejętność pracy w zespole
  • Bardzo dobra organizacja pracy
  • Znajomość języka angielskiego na poziomie B2
  • Znajomość pakietu MS Office


Dostępne na życzenie


Podróże, literatura kryminalna, jogging.
Zainteresowania: Marketing, zarządzanie zespołem, strategie sprzedaży.

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In the subsequent sections of this article, we will delve into the specifics of crafting an impeccable CV tailored for the Polish job market. Understanding how to write a CV in Polish is a crucial skill that can set you apart from other job applicants, especially when applying for a position in Poland. A well-written CV not only showcases your qualifications and experience but also demonstrates your effort to assimilate into the local business culture. The purpose of writing a CV in Polish while applying for jobs in Poland is to make a strong first impression on potential employers by aligning yourself with their language and professional standards. Let's explore the steps to create a compelling Polish CV that can increase your chances of landing that job.

A Comprehensive Guide

Useful Phrases and Translations for Writing a Resume in Polish

In this section, you will find a comprehensive list of useful terms related to writing a resume, all translated into Polish. This will assist you in understanding the nuances of creating a resume in Polish and help you to communicate more effectively in a professional setting. Here are some of the key terms:

  • Resume structure - Struktura CV
  • Resume formatting - Formatowanie CV
  • Education - Edukacja
  • Skills - Umiejętności
  • Internship - Staż
  • Work experience - Doświadczenie zawodowe
  • Personal information - Informacje osobiste
  • Objective - Cel zawodowy
  • References - Referencje
  • Language proficiency - Znajomość języków
  • Hobbies - Zainteresowania
  • Certifications - Certyfikaty
  • Achievements - Osiągnięcia
  • Contact information - Dane kontaktowe
  • Career summary - Podsumowanie kariery
  • Job title - Stanowisko pracy

Understanding Polish Grammar for Resume Writing

In Polish, a resume or CV (curriculum vitae) is typically written in the third person. However, the use of personal pronouns is generally avoided. Instead, the focus is on the action and the subject is implied. For example, instead of saying "I managed a team of five people" (Zarządzałem zespołem pięciu osób), you would simply write "Managed a team of five people" (Zarządzanie zespołem pięciu osób). This makes the sentences more objective and focused on the action, rather than the person doing the action.

As for the tense, it is usually written in the past tense as it is detailing past experiences. However, the present tense can be used to describe current roles and responsibilities. For example, if you are currently a project manager, you would write "Managing a team of ten people" (Zarządzanie zespołem dziesięciu osób). Verbs are crucial in a Polish CV, and they should always be in the infinitive form. For instance, "Completed a project on time and under budget" (Zakończenie projektu na czas i w ramach budżetu). Using the infinitive form of verbs makes the action more general and less focused on the subject.

Understanding the Importance of Structure and Formatting in Polish Resumes

Podążanie za swoimi celami zawodowymi i stawianie czoła wyzwaniom zawodowym zaczyna się od stworzenia dobrze zorganizowanego CV. W Polskim rynku pracy, struktura i układ CV ma kluczowe znaczenie, gdyż to one często stanowią pierwsze wrażenie, jakie potencjalny pracodawca ma na nasz temat. Profesjonalnie zorganizowane CV może skutecznie zwrócić uwagę rekrutera i podkreślić naszą odpowiedzialność oraz dbałość o szczegóły. Właściwy układ CV może również ułatwić pracodawcy zrozumienie naszych kluczowych umiejętności i doświadczeń. Pamiętajmy, że nasz sukces zawodowy może zależeć od dobrze zaprojektowanego CV.

Besides the Polish Resume Template, we also offer other similar templates you might want to explore.

Unlocking the Secrets of Polish Resume Formatting: A Must-Read Guide!

  • Fonts: In the Polish market, it is advisable to use professional and easily readable fonts such as Arial, Times New Roman, or Calibri. These fonts are universally recognized and create a professional image. Avoid using fancy or overly artistic fonts as they may seem unprofessional and may be difficult to read.
  • Format: Polish CVs should be presented in a clear and concise format, usually in a reverse chronological order starting with the most recent experience. The layout should be clean and organized, with each section clearly separated for easy readability.
  • Margins: A CV should have standard margins of 1 inch on all sides. This leaves enough white space to make the document look neat and well-structured, while also making it easier to read.
  • Bullet Points: Use bullet points to list your responsibilities and achievements under each job role. This makes it easier for the hiring manager to scan through your CV and understand your skills and experiences. It also helps in keeping the information concise and to the point.
  • Separators: Use separators, such as horizontal lines or different font styles, to distinguish between different sections of the CV. This helps in organizing the information and making it easier to navigate through the document.
  • Colors: It's best to stick to neutral colors like black, white, and grey for the text. Professionalism is key in the Polish market, so avoid bright or flashy colors that might come off as unprofessional. However, a subtle splash of color for headings or separators can help to make your CV stand out, but it should be used sparingly.
  • Template: Choose a simple and professional template for your CV. In the Polish market, a clean and straightforward layout is preferred over a complex or artistic design. The focus should be on the content rather than the design.

Mastering the Art of Crafting a Well-Structured Resume in Polish

A Comprehensive Guide

When crafting a CV for the Polish job market, there are several key sections that need to be included to ensure it is comprehensive and appealing to potential employers. These sections must be arranged in a manner that showcases the applicant's strengths and qualifications effectively:

  • Personal Details: This should include your full name, contact information, and address. In Poland, it is also common to include a professional headshot photo in this section.
  • Professional Profile: This should provide a brief overview of your professional experience, skills, and career goals. For example, "Experienced project manager seeking a challenging role in the IT industry."
  • Work Experience: List your previous jobs in reverse chronological order, including the company name, your position, and the dates of employment. For each role, describe your responsibilities and achievements.
  • Education: Here, you should detail your academic qualifications, starting with the most recent. Be sure to include the name of the institution, the course studied, and the dates of study.
  • Skills: Highlight your key skills that are relevant to the job you are applying for. For instance, if you're applying for a customer service job in Poland, mention your proficiency in Polish and English, along with your excellent communication and problem-solving skills.
  • Languages: In the increasingly globalized Polish job market, language skills are highly valued. List any languages you speak and your level of proficiency in each.
  • Additional Information: This is where you can include any relevant certifications, awards, or hobbies.
Remember that your CV should be concise and tailored to the job you are applying for. Avoid generic phrases and always provide concrete examples of your achievements.

Mastering the Art of Crafting an Impressive Resume Header in Polish

A Comprehensive Guide

The header of a Polish language resume is crucial as it should be easily noticeable and encompass all necessary contact details. To create an effective header, one must start with their last name, followed by their first name. Next, they should list their profession and discipline to give potential employers an immediate grasp of their field of expertise. Then, they need to provide their mailing address to ensure that employers can easily contact them for further correspondence. Following this, they should include their phone number, which is another crucial contact point. Lastly, they must share their e-mail address, a preferred contact method for many employers, which makes it easier to send and receive official documents or to schedule interviews.


Nazwisko, Imię

Zawód i Dyscyplina

Adres Korespondencyjny


Adres E-mailowy

Polishing Your Resume: The Impact of a Photo in the Polish Job Market

In the Polish job market, adding a photo to your resume is common practice, but it's not obligatory. Choosing to include a photo depends on the industry, the position you're applying for, and your comfort level.

If you decide to include a photo, make sure it's a professional headshot. A good resume photo should be a high-quality, recent, passport-style picture where you appear presentable and approachable. It should be around 3.5 cm x 4.5 cm in size, although there isn't a strict rule. The photo should be in color, and you should be dressed in professional attire suitable for the job you're applying for. It's also important to smile naturally.

However, omitting a photo from your resume is also completely acceptable. In some cases, it's even recommended, especially when applying internationally or to companies that value diversity and inclusion. Not including a photo can help avoid unconscious bias during the recruitment process. Ultimately, the decision to include a photo should be based on whether it adds value and relevance to your application.

Understanding the Importance of Showcasing Experience in Polish Resumes

Crafting the Experience Section of Your Resume for the Polish Job Market

The experience section of a Polish CV is of paramount importance as it provides potential employers with a comprehensive overview of the candidate's previous work history and the skills they have acquired over the years. It is a critical area where a job seeker can establish their suitability for a role by demonstrating their professional growth and achievements.

  • Listing Employment in Chronological Order: Begin with the most recent job and work backwards. This allows potential employers to see the most relevant experience first and gauge the candidate's career progression.
  • Including Contract Dates: Always include the start and end dates for each role. This provides a clear timeline of employment and helps employers understand how long the candidate spent in each role.
  • Mentioning Job Title: Clearly state the job title held at each previous employment. This gives employers an immediate understanding of the candidate's level of responsibility and the nature of their tasks.
  • Using a Bulleted List: For each job, use a bullet point list to detail responsibilities, tasks, and achievements. This makes it easier for employers to quickly scan and understand the candidate's role in each job.
  • Writing a Job Description: Provide a brief but detailed description of the role and responsibilities for each job. This gives further insight into the candidate's skills and experiences.
  • Utilizing Key Words: Use key words that are relevant to the job being applied for. This can help a CV to stand out, especially if employers or recruitment software are scanning for specific terms.
Remember, the experience section is more than a history of past roles. It is an opportunity to showcase skills, achievements, and suitability for the job at hand.

Stanowisko: Kierownik Projektu
Pracodawca: ABC Sp. z o.o., Warszawa
Daty: Styczeń 2016 - Grudzień 2020

  • Zarządzanie zespołem 20 specjalistów.
  • Realizacja projektów IT o wartości powyżej 1 mln zł.
  • Negocjowanie umów z klientami i dostawcami.
  • Optymalizowanie procesów biznesowych.
  • Wprowadzenie narzędzi do zarządzania projektem, co skutkowało 30% wzrostem efektywności.

A Comprehensive Guide

Navigating the Challenge of Crafting a Polish Resume with No Prior Experience

Crafting a compelling CV with no work experience can be a daunting task, especially if you're doing it in a foreign language such as Polish. However, it's not impossible. The following tips are designed to guide you through the process of filling out your CV in Polish, ensuring you stand out to potential employers despite your lack of experience.

  • Start with Personal Information: Begin your CV with basic personal information such as your name, address, contact number, and email address. Make sure to write this in Polish.
  • Objective Statement: Write a clear and concise objective statement highlighting your career goals and how you intend to contribute to the potential employer.
  • Education Details: Since you don't have work experience, your education details will be the main highlight of your CV. Include your school name, degree, and the years of study. If you have a high GPA or any academic awards, mention them here.
  • Skills: List down all the skills you possess that are relevant to the job you are applying for. This could include language skills, computer skills, or any other technical skills.
  • Extracurricular Activities: If you have been involved in any extracurricular activities in school or university, mention them. This could include sports, clubs, volunteer work, etc.
  • Internships and Trainings: If you have done any internships or training, include them in your CV. Mention the organization's name, the duration of the internship/training, and what you learned from it.
  • References: If you have any references, list them down. References could be your teachers, professors, or anyone else who can vouch for your skills and character.
  • Hobbies and Interests: Include a section for hobbies and interests. This gives the employer a glimpse into your personality.
  • Language Proficiency: Since this CV is in Polish, make sure to mention your proficiency in the Polish language. Also, list down any other languages you know.
  • Proofread: Once you have written your CV, proofread it multiple times to ensure there are no grammatical errors or typos.
  • Keep it Concise: Try to keep your CV concise and to the point. It should not exceed two pages.
  • Formatting: Use a simple and professional font. Make sure the CV is well-formatted and easy to read.

The Significance of Education in Crafting a Polish Resume

The education section of a Polish CV holds significant importance as it provides potential employers with a snapshot of the applicant's academic qualifications and achievements. It is an opportunity for the candidate to showcase their relevant knowledge and skills that might be beneficial for the job position they are applying for. This section can also highlight any specialized training or certifications the individual has obtained, which can further increase their chances of securing the job.

Furthermore, depending on the job vacancy, certain roles require specific educational qualifications as a prerequisite. The education section helps the hiring manager to quickly assess whether the candidate meets the minimum educational criteria for the role. It also provides insights into the candidate's learning journey, discipline, and potential for growth. This information can be pivotal during the recruitment process, especially when a hiring manager has to choose between candidates with similar work experiences.

Prioritizing Educational Information in Your Polish Resume

In a Polish CV, education may not necessarily be the first thing to highlight, especially if the candidate has significant professional experience related to the position they are applying for. For instance, if the candidate has been working in the field of marketing for over ten years, their experience would be more pertinent to list first rather than their degree in business administration. It is important to remember that recruiters often scan CVs quickly, hence, the most relevant and impressive qualifications should be placed at the top.

However, for recent graduates or those without substantial professional experience, education should be listed first in their CV. This is typically applicable to entry-level positions where the candidate's academic qualifications play a significant role. For example, a fresh graduate in computer science applying for a software developer role would want to highlight their relevant coursework, projects, and academic achievements upfront.

There is an exception to this rule. In Poland, certain professions such as legal, medical, or academic roles place a high value on education, and hence, regardless of the amount of professional experience, education should be listed first. For instance, a lawyer applying for a senior position would still list their law degree and any additional legal qualifications before their professional experience to emphasize their extensive education in the field.



Uniwersytet Warszawski, Wydział Prawa i Administracji

Magister Prawa (2013-2018)

Temat pracy magisterskiej: "Wpływ regulacji prawnych na rozwój małych i średnich przedsiębiorstw w Polsce"

Liceum Ogólnokształcące nr 10 w Krakowie

Świadectwo dojrzałości (2009-2013)

Profil: matematyczno-przyrodniczy

Kursy i szkolenia:

  • Prawo gospodarcze - Akademia Prawa Gospodarczego (2019)
  • Negocjacje i mediacje - Akademia Rozwoju Osobistego (2020)


  • Certyfikat języka angielskiego - poziom C1 (2017)
  • Certyfikat języka niemieckiego - poziom B2 (2016)

Highlighting Key Skills in Your Polish Resume

A Comprehensive Guide

Skills play a critical role in a Polish resume as they provide recruiters with a detailed overview of a candidate's capabilities and proficiency in their field. They are the direct indicators of an applicant's potential to perform job tasks efficiently and effectively. In the context of the Polish job market, recruiters are looking for a combination of both hard and soft skills. Hard skills relate to technical knowledge and training a candidate has received, such as proficiency in a foreign language, computer programming, or project management. On the other hand, soft skills are more related to personal attributes and can include communication skills, problem-solving abilities, and teamwork.

Furthermore, in the competitive Polish job market, having a unique set of skills can set a candidate apart from a large pool of applicants and increase their chances of getting hired. Recruiters often look for skills that are specifically tailored to the job role. For instance, for a sales position, skills like negotiation, persuasion, and customer service would be highly valued. Additionally, due to the increasing globalization and digitalization of the Polish economy, skills such as digital literacy, multi-language proficiency, and cross-cultural communication are becoming more and more crucial. Hence, the importance of accurately highlighting these skills in a Polish resume cannot be overemphasized.

Poniżej prezentujemy przykładową listę umiejętności miękkich i twardych, które mogą być przydatne podczas pisania CV w języku polskim.

Soft Skills (Umiejętności Miękkie):

  • Communication skills (Umiejętności komunikacyjne)
  • Problem-solving (Rozwiązywanie problemów)
  • Leadership (Przywództwo)
  • Teamwork (Praca w zespole)
  • Time management (Zarządzanie czasem)
  • Adaptability (Adaptacyjność)
  • Creativity (Kreatywność)
  • Conflict resolution (Rozwiązywanie konfliktów)
  • Critical thinking (Myślenie krytyczne)
  • Work ethic (Etyka pracy)

Hard Skills (Umiejętności Twarde):

  • Foreign languages (Języki obce)
  • Computer skills (Umiejętności komputerowe)
  • Data analysis (Analiza danych)
  • Project management (Zarządzanie projektami)
  • Sales expertise (Ekspertyza sprzedaży)
  • Marketing strategy (Strategia marketingowa)
  • Graphic design (Projektowanie graficzne)
  • Financial reporting (Raportowanie finansowe)
  • Proficiency in specific software (Biegłość w konkretnym oprogramowaniu)
  • Technical writing (Pisanie techniczne)

Incorporating Additional Sections into Your Polish Resume

Including additional headings in a Polish CV can provide a more comprehensive representation of the candidate, giving the potential employer insight into their personality, skills, and qualifications beyond their academic and professional background. These categories can demonstrate the candidate's versatility and ability to adapt to different situations, making them more appealing to potential employers. Also, they may highlight unique qualities or skills that set the candidate apart from others.

Out of the suggested categories, I would choose Languages and Certificates. The Languages category is crucial, especially in today's globalized world where bilingual or multilingual individuals are highly sought after. Knowing multiple languages can open up opportunities to work with international clients or colleagues and demonstrates a capacity for learning and adaptation. The Certificates category provides concrete proof of the candidate's skills and competencies. Whether related to a specific industry or general skills like first aid or project management, these certifications can back up the qualities the candidate professes to have, giving more credibility to their application.

The Languages section of a CV is a great place to showcase the languages you are fluent in or have a working knowledge of. Employers often look for candidates who can speak more than one language, especially in international companies or in positions that require communication with foreign clients or partners. It's important to include your level of proficiency for each language. It can range from basic, conversational, proficient to native speaker.

Certificates, on the other hand, are a tangible proof of your skills and competencies. They can be industry-specific, such as IT certifications for tech jobs, or general like project management, leadership, or communication skills. Certificates not only prove that you have the stated skills but also show that you are committed to continuous learning and self-improvement, which are qualities employers value. Make sure to include the name of the certification, the institution that issued it, and the date you received it.

Enhancing Your Polish Resume: Essential Tips and Tricks

Improving your Polish CV requires a good understanding of the local job market and cultural nuances. Here are some specific tips to enhance your CV for the Polish job market:

  1. Use a Professional Photo: Unlike many countries, Polish CVs usually include a professional photograph. Choose a clear, high-quality image where you look professional and approachable.
  2. Include Personal Details: Polish CVs often include personal information such as date of birth, marital status and nationality. Make sure to include these details, but remember not to provide too much personal information to maintain professionalism.
  3. Language Proficiency: Highlight your language skills, especially if you're proficient in Polish. If you're applying for a job in an international company, English proficiency is a must.
  4. Use Formal Language: Polish job market is quite formal. Use professional language and avoid slang or casual phrases.
  5. Highlight Relevant Skills: Polish employers value practical skills. Make sure to highlight your skills that are relevant to the job you're applying for.
  6. Provide References: Polish employers usually expect references, so include contact details of your previous employers. However, ensure you have their permission before providing their details.
  7. Keep it Short: Polish CVs are typically one to two pages long. Keep your CV concise and to the point.
  8. Tailor Your CV: Polish employers appreciate CVs that are tailored to the job description. Make sure to adapt your CV to each job application.

Key Elements to Include in Your Polish Resume

A Comprehensive Guide

In conclusion, crafting a professional and effective Polish CV requires a thoughtful approach and attention to specific cultural and professional details. To ensure that your CV is up to par and stands out among the rest, consider the following key points:

  1. Personal Information: Include your full name, date of birth, contact information, and nationality. Marital status and number of children, though not compulsory, are often included in Polish CVs.
  2. Professional Photo: A high-quality professional photograph is typically included in the top right corner of a CV in Poland.
  3. Education: List your education in reverse chronological order, starting with the most recent. Include the name of the institution, dates attended, and degree earned.
  4. Work Experience: Detail your work experience in reverse chronological order. Include job titles, employer names, dates of employment, and a brief description of your responsibilities and achievements.
  5. Language Skills: Polish employers value multilingual candidates. Indicate your proficiency level in different languages.
  6. Additional Skills: Highlight any additional skills that are pertinent to the job you are applying for. These could include computer skills, certifications, or special training.
  7. References: Unlike some countries, it is common to include references in a Polish CV. Ensure you have the consent of your references before including their contact information.
  8. Formatting: Polish CVs are usually brief and to-the-point, often not exceeding two pages. Keep formatting clean and professional, avoiding the use of excessive colors or unnecessary graphics.

Crafting a Compelling Cover Letter in Polish

Including a cover letter with your Polish resume is crucial when applying for jobs in Poland. It serves as an introduction to your application, providing a snapshot of your qualifications, skills, and reasons for applying for the job. The cover letter allows you to demonstrate your knowledge of the company and industry and show your enthusiasm for the role. Employers often use the cover letter to gauge your communication skills and attention to detail, making it an essential component of a strong application. Additionally, a well-written cover letter can differentiate you from other candidates, potentially increasing your chances of securing an interview.

Essential FAQs for Crafting an Effective Resume in Polish

What is the standard layout of a CV in Polish?

The standard layout of a Polish CV typically includes personal details, professional experience, education, skills, languages, and personal interests. It should be clear, concise and easy to read.

Should I translate my CV into Polish while applying for a job in Poland?

Yes, it is recommended to translate your CV into Polish when applying for a job in Poland. This shows respect to the employer and it could increase your chances of landing the job

Do I need to include a photo in my Polish CV?

Yes, it is a common practice in Poland to include a professional photo in your CV. However, make sure it is a good quality and professional looking photo.

Is it necessary to include personal interests in a Polish CV?

Including personal interests is optional but it can give potential employers an insight into your personality. Make sure to only include those interests that are relevant to the job you are applying for.

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Essential FAQs for Crafting an Effective Resume in Polish

What is the standard layout of a CV in Polish?

The standard layout of a Polish CV typically includes personal details, professional experience, education, skills, languages, and personal interests. It should be clear, concise and easy to read.

Should I translate my CV into Polish while applying for a job in Poland?

Yes, it is recommended to translate your CV into Polish when applying for a job in Poland. This shows respect to the employer and it could increase your chances of landing the job

Do I need to include a photo in my Polish CV?

Yes, it is a common practice in Poland to include a professional photo in your CV. However, make sure it is a good quality and professional looking photo.

Is it necessary to include personal interests in a Polish CV?

Including personal interests is optional but it can give potential employers an insight into your personality. Make sure to only include those interests that are relevant to the job you are applying for.

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