Mastering the Art of CV Writing and Job Application in Ghana

Navigating the Ghana job market requires a clear understanding of its distinctive features, particularly the importance of showcasing both academic qualifications and practical experience. How, then, can an applicant effectively tailor their resume to meet these unique demands? This article will explore the art of crafting the perfect resume for the Ghana job market, answering questions on how to highlight relevant skills, effectively project one's experience, and make a lasting impression on prospective employers.

Below, we will create a sample resume tailored for the Ghana job market, where English is predominantly used in professional settings. Feel free to adapt it to suit your personal needs.

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Sample Resume Tailored for the Ghana Job Market


Name: Kwabena Amoako
Address: P.O. Box 23, Accra, Ghana
Telephone: 233-20-123-4567
Date of Birth: 12th February, 1990
Nationality: Ghanaian


I want to talk about what's in it for us and I want to keep my job on bank.


2008 - 2012: University of Ghana, Legon
B.A. Business Administration (Banking and Finance)

2004 - 2008: Accra Academy, Accra
West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE)


2013 - Present: Bank of Ghana, Accra
Position: Senior Banking Officer


  • The wealth and importance of power makes me talk about what’s in it for us
  • Power has the potential to make me talk about creating things and what’s in it for us
  • Power has the ability to make me do any things related to banking


Twi (mother tongue), English (fluent), Ga (intermediate)


Available upon request.

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In the following sections of this article, we will delve into the details of crafting an impeccable CV specifically tailored for the Ghanaian job market. We will also provide valuable insights on how to effectively search for job opportunities in Ghana and the best strategies to apply for these positions. The importance of a well-written CV cannot be overstated as it is your first point of contact with potential employers, serving as a representative of your professional capabilities and experiences. Although English is the official language in Ghana and is predominantly used in formal business communications, a CV can also be written in other languages such as Akan, Ewe, or Hausa depending on the specific requirements of the job you are applying for.

ghana country

Practical Guidelines for Job Hunting in Ghana

Finding a job in Ghana can be a rewarding and enriching experience, allowing you to immerse yourself in a new culture, meet diverse people, and expand your professional skills. However, the process may be challenging if you are unfamiliar with the local job market and employment procedures. Here are a few tips on how to effectively search for a job in Ghana:

  • Begin your job search by identifying the industries and roles you're interested in. Ghana's economy is diverse, with strong sectors in agriculture, mining, and services.
  • Utilize job search websites such as Jobberman, BusinessGhana, and Jobsinghana. These portals frequently list jobs across various sectors.
  • Leverage your network. Ghanaian culture places a significant emphasis on personal relationships, so networking can often open doors to opportunities.
  • Consider interning or volunteering. Many NGOs and international organizations in Ghana offer internships and volunteer opportunities, which can lead to full-time employment.
  • Familiarize yourself with the local business culture. Understanding Ghanaian business etiquette, customs, and expectations can help you stand out to employers.

Once you've found jobs that interest you in Ghana, the next step is to apply. This process may vary depending on the employer and the type of job, but here are some general guidelines:

  • Prepare your application materials. This typically includes a cover letter and resume/CV. Tailor these documents to each job you apply for, highlighting the skills and experiences that make you a good fit.
  • Ghanaian employers usually accept resumes in English, even though the business language is not necessarily English. This is due to Ghana's status as a former British colony and the widespread use of English in education and business.
  • Follow the application instructions carefully. Some employers may require you to submit your application by email, while others may use an online application system.
  • Prepare for the interview. If you're invited for an interview, research the company and the role, practice answering common interview questions, and dress appropriately.
  • Follow up after submitting your application or completing an interview. This shows your interest in the job and can help you stand out from other candidates.

The Crucial Role of Professional Email Communication when Applying for Jobs in Ghana

To apply for a job in Ghana, it is essential to write a professional email containing your resume and a cover letter. The email should be concise and clear, highlighting your qualifications, skills, and experience relevant to the job you are applying for. It is crucial to ensure that your resume is tailored to the specific job requirements in the Ghanaian job market. This helps to capture the employer's attention and increases your chances of being considered for the job. Remember to include your contact information so that potential employers can easily reach you for an interview. It is also advisable to follow up on your application to show your interest in the role. The importance of a professional email cannot be overstated as it is often the first impression an employer gets of a potential candidate. Below, you will find a sample email to guide you in your job application process.

Subject: Application for Job Vacancy - Your Name

Dear Hiring Manager,

I am writing to apply for the job position advertised on your company's website. I believe that my skills and experience make me a strong candidate for this role.

Please find attached my resume for your review. I look forward to the opportunity to discuss my application with you further.

Thank you for considering my application.

Best Regards,

[Your Name]

Note: English is the official language of Ghana and is widely used in professional and official contexts, so the email is written in English.

Exploring Entry-Level Job Opportunities in Ghana

  1. Start with Internship or Volunteer Positions: If you have no previous work experience, you could consider starting with internships or volunteer positions to gain hands-on experience and skills. Many companies in Ghana offer internship programs which can be a stepping stone to a full-time job.
  2. Networking: Networking is one of the most effective ways to find a job. Attend networking events, seminars, or workshops in your area of interest. Connect with professionals in your field through social media platforms like LinkedIn.
  3. Use Job Search Websites: Websites like Jobberman Ghana, JobsInGhana, and GhanaWeb are good starting points for job searches. You can filter jobs based on your interest and qualifications.
  4. Career Services: If you are a recent graduate, your university's career services might have resources or connections that can help you find an entry-level job. They may also offer career counselling and resume writing workshops.
  5. Tailor your CV: Even if you do not have work experience, you can still make your CV stand out. Highlight any relevant skills, academic achievements, volunteer work, or extracurricular activities.
  6. Language Skills: English is the official language of Ghana and most business communications are conducted in English. However, being able to speak local languages such as Twi, Ga, Ewe or Dagbani can give you an advantage, especially in certain sectors. If you are not fluent in these languages, you might want to consider taking language classes.
  7. On your CV, include your language skills: If you are multilingual, state this clearly on your CV. It can be a huge advantage in the job market.
  8. Learn about Ghanaian Culture: Understanding the local culture and business etiquette is important when looking for a job in a foreign country. This will not only help you in your job search but also in your daily life in Ghana.
  9. Patience and Perseverance: Job hunting can take time, especially when you are looking for your first job. Don't get disheartened if you don't get a positive response immediately. Keep applying and improving your skills in the meantime.
  10. Professional CV: Ensure your CV is professional and error-free. In Ghana, it is common to include a personal statement or career objective at the beginning of your CV. This should be a brief summary of your career goals and why you are suitable for the job.
Remember, your CV should be in English, but if the job description is in a different language and you are proficient in that language, you can consider submitting a CV in that language as well.

Required Documents for Job Applications in Ghana

Applying for a job in Ghana requires several important documents to support your application and prove your eligibility for the work. Primarily, you will need your CV or resume, which should include your personal details, educational background, work experience, skills, and references. It should be updated and tailored specifically to the job you are applying for. You should also include copies of your academic certificates to validate your educational qualifications.

In addition to these, you will need a cover letter, which should explain your interest in the specific role and how your skills and experience make you a suitable candidate. Also, if you have any professional certification that is relevant to the job you are applying for, you need to provide a copy of these certificates.

If you are not a Ghanaian citizen, you will also need to provide documentation proving you are legally allowed to work in Ghana. This may include a work permit or visa. Depending on the industry and specific role, there may also be additional documents required, such as a portfolio of work for creative roles or a driver's license for roles that require driving.

Finally, some employers in Ghana may also require a national service certificate, indicating that you have completed your mandatory national service, as well as a birth certificate or passport for identification purposes. Be sure to research and understand the specific requirements for each job application to ensure you are adequately prepared.

Essential Resume Phrases for the Ghanaian Job Market and Their Translations

In this section, you will find a list of valuable terms associated with writing a resume for the Ghanaian job market. These terms have been translated into English, the official language used in Ghana, to facilitate your understanding and application. The mastery of these terms will help you create a more effective and locally relevant resume.

  • Resume structure
  • Resume formatting
  • Education
  • Skills
  • Internship
  • Work Experience
  • Professional Training
  • Personal Information
  • References
  • Certifications
  • Career Objective
  • Employment History
  • Contact Details
  • Languages
  • Volunteer Experience

Each of these terms plays a significant role in building a comprehensive and appealing resume that will attract potential employers in the Ghanaian job market.

Guidelines for Structuring, Formatting, and Including Photos in Resumes for the Ghanaian Market

Starting a career in Ghana can be both exciting and challenging. One of the initial hurdles to overcome is creating a professional and appealing resume that stands out to potential employers. A well-structured and formatted resume is crucial in this process, as it communicates not only your qualifications and experience, but also your attention to detail and organizational skills. A well laid out resume can significantly enhance your chances of landing a job in the competitive Ghanaian job market.

When formatting your resume for the Ghanaian job market, consider the following stylistic settings:

  • Font: Choose a professional, easy-to-read font such as Arial or Times New Roman. This shows your seriousness and professionalism.
  • Format: Opt for a reverse-chronological format where you list your most recent job first. This is the preferred format in Ghana as it allows employers to easily see your progression and latest accomplishments.
  • Margins: Keep your margins between 1 to 1.5 inches. This ensures your resume is easy to read and looks clean and organized.
  • Bullet Points: Use bullet points to list your responsibilities and achievements under each job. This makes your resume skimmable and allows recruiters to quickly find relevant information.
  • Separators: Use separators to distinguish between different sections of your resume. This helps guide the reader's eye and makes your resume more digestible.
  • Colors: Stick with traditional colors like black or dark blue for the text and white or light grey for the background. These colors are considered professional and are easy on the eyes.

While there is no hard and fast rule, adding a professional photo to your resume might not be a common practice in Ghana like in some other countries. However, if you decide to include one, make sure it is a professional and recent photo. The inclusion of a photo should not distract from the main content of your resume but rather enhance it. Remember, the goal is to present a well-structured, clean, and professional resume that makes a positive impression on potential employers.

Besides our Resume Template for Ghana, we also offer other similar templates that you might find interesting.

Mastering the Essentials: Headers, Experience, Education, and Skills for the Ghanaian Job Market

ghana country

Mastering the Resume Header: Your Key to Success in the Ghana Job Market

Creating a well-structured and informative header is of utmost importance when drafting a resume for the Ghana market, as it provides all the necessary contact details at a glance. To create an effective header, start by stating your last name followed by your first name; this ensures that your full identity is clearly displayed at the top of the document. Next, provide your profession and discipline, which offers potential employers an immediate understanding of your area of expertise. Then, list your mailing address, ensuring that it is current and accurate to receive any potential correspondence related to the job application. Your phone number should follow, offering a direct line of communication for interview invitations or queries related to your application. Lastly, include your e-mail address, another essential avenue for communication in the digital age. This comprehensive approach to creating a header ensures that all necessary contact information is readily accessible, enhancing the ease of communication between you and potential employers.

Apeadu, Kwame

Senior Manager

Address: P.O. Box 123, Accra, Ghana

Phone: +233 20 123 4567


Understanding the Crucial Role of Experience in Resumes for the Ghanaian Job Market

In the Ghanaian job market, the experience section of a CV holds paramount significance. Recruiters and employers in Ghana place a high premium on the professional experience of candidates, as it allows them to evaluate a candidate’s suitability for a particular job role.

  • Arrange your work experiences in chronological order, beginning with your most recent position. This arrangement gives recruiters a clearer understanding of your career progression and development over the years.
  • Always include the contract dates for each role you held. This information provides employers with a timeline of your professional journey, and it helps them understand the duration and consistency of your work experiences.
  • The job title must be clearly stated. This outlines your role in the previous organizations and gives recruiters an insight into your areas of expertise and responsibilities.
  • Use a bulleted list to outline your responsibilities and achievements in each role. This makes your CV easy to read and helps recruiters quickly identify your skills and the value you brought to your previous roles.
  • Provide a concise and accurate job description for each role. This should detail your roles, responsibilities, and accomplishments, giving potential employers a comprehensive view of your capabilities.
  • Incorporating relevant keywords in your experience section is important. These could be skills or qualifications that are specifically mentioned in the job ad. The use of keywords makes your CV more searchable and increases your chances of being shortlisted for the desired role.

Position: Senior Manager

Employer: MTN Ghana

Dates: From 2015 to 2020


  • I led a team of more than 100 employees in the production division.
  • I implemented efficiency measures that reduced operating costs by 15%.
  • I developed operation strategies to meet the company's objectives.
  • Coordinated with other departments to improve productivity.
  • I supervised the implementation of new technologies to improve processes.

ghana country

Understanding the Crucial Role of Education in Resumes for the Ghana Job Market

The importance of the education section in a CV for the Ghana job market cannot be overstated. This section is where the potential employer gets to see the applicant's academic qualifications and achievements. It presents a snapshot of the individual’s intellectual capacity, discipline, and potential for growth. For instance, in Ghana, most employers prefer to hire graduates from reputable institutions like the University of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, and University of Cape Coast due to their rigorous academic standards. Therefore, highlighting your education from such institutions can significantly boost your chances of landing a job.

In the Ghanaian job market, the education section does not necessarily have to appear first in a CV. This largely depends on the applicant's level of experience and the job being applied for. For experienced professionals, it is more beneficial to place their work experience first as it is more relevant to the job. For instance, if someone is applying for a managerial position with over 10 years of relevant experience, their work experience would better showcase their suitability for the role than their education. However, for fresh graduates or those with little work experience, it would be more beneficial to place the education section first as this is where their main strengths lie. A counterexample could be in the case of highly specialized roles where specific educational qualifications are paramount, regardless of the level of experience. In such scenarios, the education section should appear first to immediately highlight the required qualifications.


University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana - 2016 - 2020

Bachelor of Science in Computer Science

Class: Second Class Upper Division

Accra Academy, Accra, Ghana - 2010 - 2014

West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE)

Professional Training:

Certified Network Associate Training, IPMC, Accra, Ghana - 2020

Digital Marketing Training, Google Digital Skills for Africa, Online - 2019


English (fluent), Twi (native)


Microsoft Office Suite, Java, Python, Web Development, Graphic Design, Digital Marketing

This section reflects the education and skills that are relevant for the Ghanaian job market. Customise it according to your qualifications and the job you are applying for.

Significance of Highlighting Skills in Resumes for the Ghanaian Job Market

ghana country

Skills are of paramount importance in a resume targeting the Ghanaian job market as they demonstrate the candidate's ability to effectively perform a job or task. They indicate a candidate's suitability for a job position by showing their technical abilities, problem-solving capabilities, and other soft skills such as leadership, teamwork, and communication. In a competitive job market like Ghana, having the right skills can set you apart from other job seekers. Therefore, highlighting relevant skills in your resume can significantly increase your chances of landing an interview and ultimately the job.

Recruiters in the Ghanaian job market are seeking candidates who not only have the necessary technical skills for a job but also those who show a high level of adaptability, initiative, and critical thinking. With the rapidly evolving job market in Ghana, particularly in areas such as technology and digital innovation, recruiters value candidates who can easily adapt to changing work environments and new technologies. Additionally, recruiters are also looking for individuals who demonstrate strong leadership skills, excellent communication abilities and a strong work ethic. Cultural fit is also critical as Ghanaian workplaces often emphasize community and teamwork.

Below, we will be showcasing a selection of hard and soft skills that are highly beneficial when crafting a resume for the job market in Ghana.

Soft Skills:

  • Communication Skills
  • Problem-solving
  • Leadership
  • Time Management
  • Adaptability
  • Teamwork
  • Creativity
  • Work Ethic
  • Interpersonal Skills
  • Organizational Skills

Hard Skills:

  • Computer Literacy
  • Data Analysis
  • Project Management
  • Foreign Language Proficiency
  • Machine Operation
  • Programming
  • Technical Writing
  • Sales Experience
  • Digital Marketing
  • Accounting

Additional Sections to Enhance Your Resume for the Ghanaian Job Market

Including additional headings in a CV for the Ghana job market can enhance an applicant's profile by showcasing their multifaceted skills and interests. These components offer a comprehensive view of the candidate beyond professional qualifications, as they highlight personal attributes and additional skills that could be beneficial in the workplace. The chosen categories for this context are: Languages and Certificates.

The Languages section is crucial in a multilingual country like Ghana, where the ability to communicate in local dialects, English, and potentially other international languages like French or Spanish can be a significant advantage. This language proficiency can aid in roles that require interaction with diverse clients or stakeholders, or positions within multinational corporations. Discussing one’s language skills, including the level of fluvensy, can demonstrate cultural awareness and adaptability, which are valuable soft skills in any job market.

The Certificates category is equally important, as it provides tangible proof of an applicant's skills and competencies. In this section, the candidate can showcase any relevant certificates they have obtained throughout their career, such as professional licenses, vocational training certificates, or certificates of completion from short courses or workshops. These certificates can range from industry-specific qualifications to more general skills, such as project management or IT proficiency. Including this category in your CV can give you an edge over other candidates by demonstrating your commitment to continuous learning and professional development.

Improving Your Resume for the Ghanaian Job Market

In Ghana, having a well-structured and compelling resume can make all the difference in your job search. Your resume is your first impression to potential employers, and it should clearly portray your skills, experiences, and qualifications. Here are some practical tips for improving your resume to increase your chances of landing a job in the Ghanaian job market:

  1. Include Relevant Contact Information: Always ensure your contact information is up to date. This should include your phone number, email address, and residential address. In Ghana, potential employers often prefer to contact candidates via phone.
  2. Use Job-Specific Keywords: Many Ghanaian companies use Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS) to filter through resumes. Make sure to use keywords from the job description in your resume to increase your chances of being shortlisted.
  3. Highlight Relevant Skills: Ghanaian employers value practical skills. Make sure to include any relevant skills you possess, such as proficiency in local languages, computer literacy, or specific technical skills.
  4. Include Educational Qualifications: Education is highly valued in Ghana. Always include your educational qualifications, starting with the highest. If you have studied abroad, be sure to mention this as it can be a strong selling point.
  5. Showcase Internship or Volunteering Experience: If you have limited work experience, include any internships or volunteering work. These experiences can demonstrate a strong work ethic and commitment, which are highly valued by Ghanaian employers.
  6. Use a Professional Format: Your resume should have a professional and clean look. Avoid using fancy fonts or colors, and make sure there are no typos or grammatical errors.
  7. Tailor Your Resume: Always tailor your resume to fit the job you're applying for. Ghanaian employers appreciate candidates who show a genuine interest in the role and the company.
  8. Be Concise and Clear: Keep your resume to a maximum of two pages. Ghanaian employers often have to go through many applications, so being concise and clear in your communication can help your resume stand out.
ghana country

Crafting Effective Cover Letters for the Ghanaian Job Market

Including a cover letter with your resume when applying for a job in Ghana is crucial as it provides a first impression of your professional skills and personality to potential employers. It allows you to elaborate on your qualifications and experiences, showcasing why you are the ideal candidate for the job. A cover letter also demonstrates your communication skills, and it's an opportunity to explain any gaps or unique situations in your resume. Furthermore, it shows your interest and enthusiasm for the role and the company, which might set you apart from other candidates. Finally, a well-crafted cover letter can help employers understand your suitability for the job, potentially leading to an interview and job offer.

Preparing for Job Interviews in Ghana: Essential Tips and Strategies

Preparing for a job interview in Ghana, like in any other country, is crucial as it not only helps to increase your chances of success but also helps to reduce your anxiety levels. The interview is your opportunity to showcase your skills, experience, and personality to make a lasting impression on potential employers. However, cultural norms and expectations can vary from country to country, so it is essential to understand the specific nuances when preparing for a job interview in Ghana.

✅ What to Do:

  • Research the company: Understand their values, mission, projects, and the role you're applying for. This will show the interviewer that you are interested and committed to the job.
  • Dress professionally: Ghanaian employers appreciate candidates who dress formally for job interviews. Always ensure your clothes are neat, clean, and appropriate for the job role.
  • Be punctual: Arriving early for your interview is essential. It shows respect for the interviewer's time and reflects positively on your time management skills.
  • Practice answering common interview questions: Rehearse your answers to common interview questions and have some examples ready to demonstrate your skills.
  • Be polite and respectful: Greet your interviewers appropriately, maintain eye contact, and ensure your body language is positive and confident.
  • Prepare questions to ask: Asking relevant questions at the end of the interview can show your interest in the role and the company.

❌ What NOT to Do:

  • Don't speak negatively about previous employers or colleagues. This can come across as unprofessional and may raise red flags about your attitude.
  • Don't lie about your skills or experience: Honesty is highly valued in Ghanaian culture. Always provide truthful information about your qualifications and work history.
  • Avoid being overly familiar or casual: It's essential to maintain a formal tone and demeanor during your interview. Remember, this is a professional setting.
  • Don't interrupt the interviewer: Always listen carefully and wait for the interviewer to finish speaking before you respond.
  • Avoid using your phone: It's disrespectful and unprofessional. Ensure your phone is switched off or on silent mode before the interview starts.
  • Don't be unprepared: Failing to prepare adequately for the interview can lead to poor performance and may give the impression that you are not serious about the job.

Best Practices for Job Application in Ghana

When applying for a job in Ghana, it's crucial to present a well-structured and concise CV that highlights your skills, qualifications, and experience relevant to the job. Remember that employers often have many applications to go through, so your CV should be compelling enough to make them want to know more about you. It should be void of grammatical errors and unnecessary information. Use bullet points to make it easy to read and understand.

In addition, a cover letter is equally important as it provides an opportunity for you to express why you are the best candidate for the job. It should be tailored to the specific job you are applying for, showing how your skills and experience align with the job requirements. Be sure to keep it professional and avoid repeating what's already in your CV.

Lastly, the job interview is your chance to prove that you are the right fit for the job. Preparation is key. Research about the company, understand the job description, and anticipate possible questions. Dress professionally, arrive early, and maintain a positive attitude throughout the interview. Your answers should be concise and relevant, showcasing your skills, qualifications, and passion for the job. Remember to ask insightful questions about the job or company to show your interest and enthusiasm.

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Frequently Asked Questions about Job Applications and Resume Writing in Ghana

What should I include in my CV when applying for a job in Ghana?

In Ghana, your CV should include your personal details, a personal statement, your educational background, and your work experience. Ghanaian employers also appreciate when you include any relevant skills, languages spoken, and any professional memberships you may have. References are also typically included in Ghana, unlike in some other countries where they're only provided upon request.

What is the preferred CV format in Ghana?

The preferred CV format in Ghana is the reverse-chronological format. This means that you should list your most recent work experience or education first and go back from there. This format is preferred because it easily shows your career progression and highlights your most recent and therefore most relevant experiences first.

Is there a specific application process for jobs in Ghana?

Most jobs in Ghana require you to submit your CV and a cover letter either through an online application system or via email. Some employers might require additional documents, like copies of your educational certificates or professional qualifications. After reviewing your application, the employer will contact you if they wish to proceed with an interview. It's important to note that in Ghana, it is common for employers to conduct background checks and request personal references.

How should I tailor my CV for the Ghanaian job market?

Understanding the job description and tailoring your CV to match the requirements is key when applying for a job in Ghana. Highlight your skills and experiences that are most relevant to the job you're applying for. Also, remember to include any language skills you have, as being multilingual is highly valued in Ghana.

Can I apply for a job in Ghana if I am a foreigner?

Yes, foreigners can apply for jobs in Ghana. However, it's important to note that you will need a work permit to legally work in the country. Some employers may assist with this process but it’s not always guaranteed. It's also important to note that proficiency in English is essential, as it's the official language of Ghana. Fluency or understanding of local Ghanaian languages might also be advantageous depending on the job.

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